Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center

Optimization Roadmap

 

Optimization Roadmap for CERCLA Projects

An optimization roadmap has been prepared below, which concisely summarizes relevant Navy policies, guidance, and tools applicable to the optimization of each CERCLA phase.  It provides tips for the development of optimization and green and sustainable remediation (GSR) strategies throughout the CERCLA process.

roadmap

 

Click on a CERCLA phase below for more information

     PA/SI          RI/FS          ROD              RD              RA              RC              LTM      

 

 

Roadmap

Preliminary Assessment/Site Inspection (PA/SI)

The Preliminary Assessment (PA) phase identifies contaminated sites based primarily on the review of the existing information about hazardous substance disposal practices at an installation. Limited field data may be collected during the Site Inspection (SI) phase to determine the nature of any releases and potential threat to any receptors.

Navy Policy and Guidance

--DON Guidance for Planning and Optimizing Monitoring Strategies, NAVFAC ESC UG-2081-ENV Rev1, November 2010
--NAVFAC Tiered Approach for Developing Sampling and Analysis Plans, NAVFAC Letter 5090 Ser 11007/EV3KPB (3 Jun 2011)
--UFP-SAP Tier I Sampling and Analysis Plan Template, NAVFAC (Feb 2011)
--UFP-SAP Tier 2 Sampling and Analysis Plan Template, NAVFAC (Feb 2011)

Training, Tools, & Templates

--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 
 

RPM Optimization Activities

--Ensure that there is systematic planning, proper site characterization, and use of passive and efficient sampling techniques.
--Develop a conceptual site model (CSM).
--Strive to minimize waste generation, energy use, fuel use, and material use.
--Maintain inventory of fuel, energy, water, material, and chemical use.
--Use efficient project management to bundle site activities and reduce personnel travel, where applicable.
--Consider electronic submittals rather than hard copies where appropriate.

 

 

 

Roadmap

Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS)

The Remedial Investigation (RI) characterizes the nature and extent of contamination at a site and assesses the baseline risk to human health and the environment. The Feasibility Study (FS) allows for the screening and evaluation of remedial alternatives.

Navy Policies and Guidance Relevant to Remedial Investigation Phase

--Department of Navy Guidance for Planning and Optimizing Monitoring Strategies (November 2010)
--NAVFAC Tiered Approach for Developing Sampling and Analysis Plans (June 2011)
--Tier 1 Sampling and Analysis Plan Template
--Tier 2 Sampling and Analysis Plan Template
--Navy Policy on Conducting Human Health Risk Assessments under the Environmental Restoration Program (February 2001)
--Navy Policy for Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments (April 1999)
--Navy Policy on Vapor Intrusion (April 2008)
--Navy Policy on the Use of Background Chemical Levels (January 2004)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Environmental Background Analysis Volume I: Soil (April 2002)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Environmental Background Analysis Volume II: Sediment (April 2003)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Environmental Background Analysis Volume III: Groundwater (April 2004)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Environmental Background Analysis Volume IV: Vapor Intrusion Pathway (April 2011)

Navy Policies and Guidance Relevant to Feasibility Study Phase

--DON Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions at all DON Environmental Restoration Program Navy Sites (April 2012)
--Guidance for Preparing a Remedial Alternatives Analysis (RAA) Document
--RAA Template (April 2012)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selection, and Design (March 2010)
--Department of Navy Guidance on Green and Sustainable Remediation (April 2012)

Training, Tools, and Templates for Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Phase

--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 


--GSR White paper-Integrating Green Sustainable Remediation Metrics within the CERCLA Process during the Feasibility Study (July 2012)

RPM Optimization Activities for Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Phase

--Develop a conceptual site model (CSM)
--Identify hot spots of contamination and target treatment zones
--Develop clear, flexible remedial action objectives
--Include in the RAA and FS concepts related to treatment trains for the remedial alternatives to achieve the remedial action objectives
--Identify performance metrics for the technologies under consideration for the remedial action
--Assess sustainable remedial options using SiteWiseTM or other similar tool
--Plan ahead for an exit strategy in the remedial action alternative development to avoid operation of the remedy beyond diminishing returns

 

 

 

Roadmap

Record of Decision (ROD)

The Record of Decision (ROD) is prepared to summarize site conditions, the rationale for the selected remedy, and the cleanup goals. For non-NPL sites, instead of a ROD, a Decision Document (DD) may be prepared.

Navy Policies and Guidance for Record of Decision (ROD)

--DON Strategy Memo Streamlined Record of Decision Strategy ASN (I&E) (31 Aug 2007)
--DON Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions at all DON Environmental Restoration Program Sites, NAVFAC Ltr 5090-Ser12005/EV3-KB (2 April 2012)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selection, and Design, NAVFAC ESC-UG-2087-ENV (9 March 2010)
--DON Guidance on Green and Sustainable Remediation, NAVFAC ESC UG-2093-ENV (5 April 2012)
--DON CERCLA ROD and Post ROD Policy, DUSD (ESOH) Memo  (16 January 2004)
--DON strategy Memo Streamlined Record of Decision Stragegy, ASN (I&E) (31 Aug 2007)
--NAVFAC Guidance on Toolkit for Preparing CERCLA Records of Decision (USEPA OWSER 9355.6-10, September 2011), NAVFAC ltr 5090Ser11018/EV3-RS (14 November 2011)

Training, Tools, and Templates for Record of Decision (ROD)

--ROD Toolkit (2011)
--Improved ROD Brochure (2009)
--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 
 

RPM Optimization Activities for Record of Decision (ROD)

--Ensure that the selected remedy is flexible enough to allow for future improvements to enhance cost effectiveness and sustainability.
--Confirm that the remedial action objectives are achievable and have been set after considering all of the uncertainties and assumptions associated with the selected remedy.
--Ensure that the treatment train approach is considered in the selected remedy with enough flexibility to develop exit strategies whenever required by the system.

 

 

 

Roadmap

Remedial Design (RD)

The purpose of the Remedial Design (RD) phase is to convert the conceptual design for the selected remedy into a full-scale detailed design for implementation.

Navy Policies and Guidance for Remedial Design (RD)

--DON Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions at all DON Environmental Restoration Program Sites, NAVFAC Ltr 5090 Ser12005/EV3-KB (2 April 2012)
--DON Guidance for Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selection, and Design, NAVFAC ESC UG-2087 (9 March 2010)
--DON Guidance on Green and Sustainable Remediation, NAVFAC ESC UG-2093-ENV Rev1 (5 April 2012)

Training, Tools, and Templates for Remedial Design (RD)

--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 

RPM Optimization Activities forRemedial Design (RD)

--Ensure that the remedial design aligns with the remedial action objectives and the selected remedy from the DD.
--Confirm that the target treatment area is based on the latest site-specific data and identify site-specific and technology-specific performance objectives that are linked with the remedy’s exit strategy.
--Ensure that the design has been developed and optimized with consideration of remediation life-cycle characteristics, including optimum selection and sizing of equipment, use of treatment train approaches, and other optimization concepts.
--Determine the baseline remedy footprint using SiteWiseTM and/or other tools or methods as appropriate and use results to identify potential footprint reduction methods.
--Evaluate the cost-benefit of potential footprint reduction methods and develop a sustainability and optimization approach to lower the footprint of the remedial action.

 

 

Roadmap

Remedial Action (RA)

The Remedial Action phase consists of Remedial Action Construction (RA-C) and Remedial Action Operations (RAO).

Navy Policies and Guidance for Remedial Action (RA)

--DON Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions at all DON Environmental Restoration Program Sites, NAVFAC ltr 5090 Ser12005/EV3-KB (2 April 2012)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operation, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301 (1 October 2012)
--DON Guidance on Green and Sustainable Remediation, NAVFAC ESC UG-2093-ENV, Rev1  (5 April 2012)
--NAVFAC Tiered Approach for Developing Sampling and Analysis Plans, NAVFAC Ltr 5090 Ser11007/EV3-KPB  (3 June 2011)
--UFP-SAP Tier 1 Sampling and Analysis Plan Template, NAVFAC (February 2011)
--UFP-SAP Tier 2 Sampling and Analysis Plan Template, NAVFAC (February 2011)

Training, Tools, and Templates  for Remedial Action (RA)

--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 

RPM Optimization Activities  for Remedial Action (RA)

--Ensure that remedy construction activities are utilizing sustainable options as laid out in Navy guidance.
Conduct sustainability evaluations using tools such as SiteWiseTM on the baseline system.
--Maintain a periodic log that documents the material, energy, resource, and fuel use at the site to validate sustainability evaluations and also to identify possible areas where remedy footprint can be reduced.
--Conduct regular optimization studies on the RA-O by developing exit strategies, considering different remedial alternatives, evaluating cost effectiveness, and adopting strategies that reduce overall energy, material, resources, and fuel use.
--Track all optimization activities in NORM.
--Track sustainability metrics.

 

 

Roadmap

Response Complete (RC)

The Response Complete (RC) milestone signifies that the remedial action objectives have been met and the RA-O phase has achieved the cleanup goals specified in the ROD or DD.

Navy Policies and Guidance for Response Complete (RC)

--DON Guidance on Documenting Milestones throughout the Site Closure Process, NAVFAC ESC UG-2072-ENV (March 2006)
--NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operation, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301  (1 October 2012)

Training, Tools, and Templates for Response Complete (RC)

--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 

RPM Optimization Activities for Response Complete (RC)

--Timely and complete documentation of the RAC-R in order to demonstrate that the cleanup goals have been met to achieve the RC milestone.
--Prior to claiming completion of the RC milestone, regulatory concurrence of this documentation is required, so it is important that the Navy and federal and/or state regulators agree upfront on how monitoring data will be collected and analyzed to confirm that RC has been achieved.

 

 

 

Roadmap

Long Term Management (LTM)

The LTMgt phase is required at sites where hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants remain above levels that would allow unlimited use and unrestricted exposure.

Navy Policies and Guidance for Long Term Management (LTM)

--DON Guidance for Planning and Optimizing Monitoring Strategies, NAVFAC ESC UG-2081-ENV Rev1, (November 2010)
--Navy/Marine Corps Policy for CERCLA Five Year Reviews, CNO 5090 N453 Ser/11U158119 (7 June 2011)
--SECNAV Policy for Monitoring and Enforcement of Land Use Controls, Department of the Navy Office of the Secretary Memo  (2 April 2003)
--DON Guidance on Green and Sustainable Remediation, NAVFAC ESC UG-2093-ENV Rev1 (5 April 2012)

Training, Tools, and Templates for Long Term Management (LTM)

--Management and Monitoring Approach Presentation, NAVFAC (May 2012)
--Management and Monitoring Approach Presentation Attachment-Optimization Tools, NAVFAC (May 2012)
--SiteWise™ Software  (Available under the Tools Section of the GSR webpage) 
 

RPM Optimization Activities for Long Term Management (LTM)

--Ensure that there is systematic planning, proper site characterization, and use of passive and efficient sampling techniques.
--Strive to minimize waste generation, energy use, fuel use, and material use.
--Maintain inventory of fuel, energy, water, material, and chemical use.
--Use efficient project management to bundle site activities and reduce personnel travel, where applicable.
--Consider electronic submittals rather thanhard copies, where appropriate.

 

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