Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center

Technology Transfer

 

 

Overview

The NAVFAC Technology Transfer (T2) Program supports information sharing to identify the Navy’s Environmental Restoration (ER) challenges and to promote the use of innovative and cost-effective solutions. The goal of the T2 Program is to communicate the latest information on research, technology innovations, and lessons learned from real-world applications. Through this Web page, technical resources on key topics are shared within the ER community including T2 e-mail updates, videos, fact sheets, handbooks, and more.    

The T2 Program releases a monthly email that provides links to newly released T2 products, policies, guidance, and training related to innovative technologies.

If you would like to be added to the distribution list, send an email to EXWC_T2@navy.mil to join

  

                                    

 

 

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T2 Tools - Interactive Web-Based Informational Tools on Innovative Technologies

 

  T2 Tools  

Amphibians Risk Assessment Tool

Because of their sensitivity to environmental conditions, amphibians can be used as indicator species in the assessment of the ecological health of a wetland. This tool highlights a laboratory toxicity test that evaluates potential risks to amphibians from contaminants in wetland sediments. This test can the be used to set appropriate remediation goals.

 

Print/Text Version

Benthic Flux Sampling Device Overview Tool

The magnitude of contaminant transport across the sediment water interface plays an important role in assessing the potential risks from contaminated sediments. This tool describes the use of a benthic flux sampling device to measure the exchange of compounds across the sediment water interface

 

Print/Text Version

Bioremediation Overview Tool

Biodegradation mechanisms are a cost-effective treatment option for sites where groundwater is contaminated with chlorinated solvents. This tool provides an overview of bioremediation approaches including monitored natural attenuation (MNA) and enhanced anaerobic bioremediation (EAB).

 

Print/Text Version

Coastal Contamination Migration Overview Tool

This tool describes two innovative technologies for monitoring contaminant migration from groundwater to coastal surface water. The technologies provide a direct measurement of groundwater discharge rates and chemical loading rates, offering a significant improvement over the use of uncertain predictions from modeling based on terrestrial monitoring well results.

 

Print/Text Version

Compound Specific Isotope Analysis Tool

This tool explores an advanced analytical method that can be applied to investigate whether or not contaminant degradation is taking place, the mechanism of degradation, and the potential sources of contamination. CSIA utilizes the change in ratio of stable isotope of specific elements to determine the source and fate of the contaminant.

 

Print/Text Version

Conceptual Site Model Tool

This tool reviews best practices in developing conceptual site models (CSMs) that form the basis for all site planning and decision-making at an Environmental Restoration (ER) site. It includes considerations for CSMs for terrestrial, vapor intrusion, sediment, and munitions sites.

Print/Text Version

Contaminated Sediment Overview Tool

This tool provides an overview of the key technical and policy issues for Navy Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) to consider when managing contaminated sediment sites.

Print/Text Version

Direct Push Wells Tool

This tool discusses the use of direct push wells for long term monitoring as an alternative to conventional drilled wells. Direct push technology is explained, as well as how to design, construct, develop, and sample direct push wells.

Print/Text Version

DCE/VC Stall Tool

Dichloroethylene (DCE) and vinyl chloride (VC) stall is an issue at several sites due to limitations preventing the complete dechlorination of the chlorinated ethenes to ethene. This tool discusses site limitations that may lead to DCE/VC stall and potential solutions including physical, biogeochemical, biostimulation, and bioaugmentation approaches.

Print/Text Version

Energetic Constituents Sampling Tool

This tool focuses on outlining a systematic approach for characterizing energetic munitions constituents (MC) on closed ranges. It summarizes the results of the deposition studies and offers several recommendations for sampling designs and strategies for energetic residue characterization.

Print/Text Version

Green and Sustainable Remediation (GSR) Tool

This tool discusses the drivers promoting the use of GSR and defines the metrics to be considered when determining the environmental footprint of a remedial alternative.

Print/Text Version

Groundwater Sampling Tool

This tool helps to ensure that proper groundwater sampling protocols are followed in the field. The use of incorrect field procedures may adversely affect data quality and therefore decision-making. Activities are covered from pre-field sampling activities, sample collection, through data management.

Print/Text Version

In-situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) Tool

This tool presents the current state of ISCO technology, a discussion of how each type of ISCO chemical works, and case studies that showcase their application. This technology involves the subsurface delivery of a chemical oxidant to destroy organic contaminants, reducing potential risks to public health and the environment.

Print/Text Version

Molecular Biological Tool (MBT)

There is growing interest in the development and use of molecular biological tools (MBTs) for environmental restoration applications. MBTs are laboratory tests that can measure the presence and activity of microbes at a site for monitored natural attenuation and bioremediation applications. This tool provides an introduction to MBTs applied through gene-based, protein-based, lipid-based and isotope-based approaches.

Print/Text Version

Munitions Response Management Tool (MRMT)

This tool reviews the resources necessary to manage a munitions response site (MRS) under the Munitions Response Program (MRP). It provides definitions for key terms and discusses the steps involved in the MRP process from preliminary assessment to site closeout.

Print/Text Version

MRP Detection Tool

This tool discusses the detection, location, and reacquisition of MEC. The tool reviews the basic concepts behind each type of detection technology and provides descriptions of the sensors, platforms, positioning, navigation techniques, and data processing methods.

Print/Text Version

MRP Removal Technologies Tool

The tool presents several methods for the removal of MEC. The methods discussed include manual, mechanized, underwater and explosive soil removal among others. Proper disposal of MECs is also discussed.

Print/Text Version

Optimization Concepts Tool

This tool defines optimization and presents the overall concepts used when optimizing remedial actions. The Navy's systematic approach to optimization involves several steps such as developing a conceptual site model (CSM), remedial action objectives, remedial performance objectives, and an exit strategy.

Print/Text Version

PAH/PCB Fingerprinting Tool

This tool reviews how to implement ACF, its advantages and limitations, and when it is appropriate to use. The specific application of ACF for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination in sediments is then discussed in more detail.

Print/Text Version

Perchlorate Treatment Technologies Tool

This tool provides a brief background on perchlorate chemistry, sources, and analytical methods. It reviews perchlorate treatment technologies including biological and ion exchange treatment. DoD sponsored projects related to the removal of perchlorate from groundwater are also highlighted.

Print/Text Version

Permeable Mulch Biowalls (PMB) Tool

This tool covers the treatment of contaminated groundwater using mulch biowalls and reviews the mechanism by which the contaminants are degraded. Considerations when designing and installing a biowall are explained. Two case studies are presented where mulch biowalls were installed.

Print/Text Version

Permeable Reactive Barrier Tool

A permeable reactive barrier (PRB) is a trench built across the flow path of a groundwater plume. The trench is filled with a suitable reactive or adsorptive medium that removes the contamination from the groundwater. This tool is designed to assist in the development and implementation of effective PRB applications.

Print/Text Version

Phytoremediation Tool

This tool explores the use of plants as a sustainable remedial option for sites contaminated with organic and/or inorganic constituents. A decision tree is reviewed that can assist Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) in deciding whether or not phytoremediation is applicable for their site.

Print/Text Version

Sediment Monitored Natural Recovery (MNR) Tool

This tool provides an overview of how MNR proceeds through various chemical, physical, and biological processes that occur at contaminated sediment sites during monitored natural recovery.

Print/Text Version

Sediment Remedy Effectiveness Tool

This tool provides an overview of sediment remedial technologies including: environmental dredging, in-situ capping, and monitored natural recovery (MNR). Suitable site conditions, design considerations, pros, cons, and typical effectiveness are discussed.

Print/Text Version

Solid Phase Micro-Extraction (SPME) Tool

This tool describes the analytical method called SPME in relation to the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediment pore water.

Print/Text Version

Site Closeout Tool

Site closeout is the goal of all remediation projects. This tool outlines the milestones in the CERCLA/RCRA process that must be met before site closure. The tool compares the CERCLA vs. RCRA process and explains the documentation. Various scenarios that can be followed to meet site closure are also presented.

Print/Text Version

Source Zone/Monitored Natural Attentuation Tool

Source zone treatment should be evaluated for the potential to reduce both the timeframe and cost of downgradient plume treatment. It is often a cost-effective to first accomplish partial source zone treatment followed by monitored natural attenuation (MNA) as a polishing step. This tool reviews software that can assist in decision-making on the extent of source zone treatment required to meet their site-specific objectives.

Print/Text Version

Vapor Intrusion Tool

This tool explains the use of ZVI as a reducing agent to transform contaminants like chlorinated ethenes and energetics into non-toxic end products.

Print/Text Version

Zero Valent Iron (ZVI) Injection Tool

This tool explains the use of ZVI as a reducing agent to transform contaminants like chlorinated ethenes and energetics into non-toxic end products.

Print/Text Version

 

 

 

 

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T2 Updates

Topics Title and Description
 

T2 Update #162 (09 May 2018)

This month’s issue announced ITRC PFAS factsheets, NAVFAC OER2 munitions response webinar archive, and a SERDP/ESTCP webinar on a sonar system for detecting MEC in shallow waters.

 

T2 Update #161 (02 April 2018)

This month’s issue announced RITS registration and a NAVFAC OER2 munitions response webinar.

 

T2 Update #160 (20 March 2018)

This month’s issue announced a NAVFAC OER2 munitions response webinar, an ITRC geophysical classification webinar, and a white paper and webinar from the U.S. EPA on environmental sequence stratigraphy (ESS).

 

T2 Update #159 (05 February 2018)

This month’s issue announced a new ITRC guidance documents on key topics including fractured rock, PFAS, bioavailability, and complex sites. The 2018 ITRC and CECOS training topics and schedules are also provided.

 

T2 Update #158 (08 January 2018)

This month’s issue announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on rehabilitation and maintenance of pump and treat systems.

 

T2 Update #157 (18 December 2017)

This month’s issue announced six Department of Defense (DoD) fact sheets covering updated information on vapor intrusion sampling and assessment techniques.

 

T2 Update #156 (02 November 2017)

This month’s issue announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on advances in microbial characterization and a NAVFAC fact sheet on site characterization and remediation in fractured rock.

 

T2 Update #155 (05 October 2017)

This month’s issue announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on advances in microbial characterization, access to previous OER2 webinar presentations, a SERDP/ESTCP webinar on underwater and near-shore munitions survey platforms, and a NAVFAC Munitions Response Quality Assessment Spreadsheet.

 

T2 Update #154 (05 September 2017)

This month’s issue announced an ESTCP webinar on research and development needs for sites contaminated with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and a NAVFAC fact sheet on complex challenges at light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) sites.

 

T2 Update #153 (02 August 2017)

This month’s issue announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on portfolio optimization findings, a NAVFAC fact sheet on production well construction and maintenance, and a NAVFAC fact sheet on new developments in light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) site management.

 

T2 Update #152 (02 May 2017)

This month’s issue announced NAVFAC NIRIS training events, SERDP/ESTCP webinars on high-resolution site characterization and advanced geophyiscal classification, and a new ERwiki web site launched by ESTCP.

   

 

 

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Videos

Topics Title and Description RunTime Size (KB)
Munitions Response

Cat Island Video

 

32 minutes 36,829
Vapor Intrusion

Vapor Intrusion Investigation with Portable Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS)

 

7 minutes 35,297

Green Sustainable

Remediation

Green Sustainable Remediation Video

 

3 minutes 20,108
footprint analysis

SiteWise Video - Part 1 (slides 1-13)

 

18 minutes 75,846
footprint analysis

SiteWise Video - Part 2 (slides 14-30)

 

22 minutes 96,709
footprint analysis

SiteWise Video - Part 3 (slides 31-end)

 

27 minutes 27, 727
       

 

 

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Fact Sheets and Tech Data Sheets (TDS)

Topics Title and Description

geophysical

Groundwater 

Geophysical Methods for Characterization and Monitoring at Groundwater Remediation Sites (August 2018)

Geophysical methods have the potential to improve characterization and monitoring at sites where groundwater remedaition is planned or underway. This fact sheet focuses on the application of gephysical tools in support of environmental remediation. The following topics are discussed: Why use geophysics? What geophyiscal methods are available? When/where do different geophysical methods work?  

Site Characterization

Fractured Rock

Site Characterization and Remediation in Fractured Rock Fact Sheet (August 2017)

This fact sheet provides a summary of advances in developing successful characterization and remedial strategies for addressing contamination in fractured rock. Topics covered include the types of fractured rock environments, site characterization, remediation approaches, along with special considerations and lessons learned from fractured rock sites.

complex

challenges

LNAPL

Complex Challenges at Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (LNAPL) Sites Fact Sheet (April 2017)

This fact sheet reviews specialized techniques and remediation technologies to address challenging site conditions and light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) sites. These challenges include co-contaminants, highly-heterogeneous conditions, and fractured rock.

Well

Maintenance

Production Well Construction and Maintenance Fact Sheet (April 2017)

This fact sheet describes how to maintain the functioning of production wells (including groundwater extraction and reagent injection wells). Production well design is summarized, along with operation and maintenance considerations.

LNAPL

New Developments in LNAPL Site Management Fact Sheet (April 2017)

This fact sheet summarizes new developments in the area of natural source zone depletion (NSZD) and reviews key tools for evaluating the practicability of LNAPL recovery.

sustainable

LTM

Landfill

 

Sustainable Long Term Management of Landfills under the Navy's Environmental Restoration Program (April 2016)

Sustinable long-term management (SLM) helps to minimize the lifecycle depletion of energy, material resources, and financial resources. This fact sheet describes SLM strategies that may be suitable for landfills managed under the Environmental Restoration (ER) and Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) programs. Issues addressed include passive controls, optimized landfill cap design and maintenance, long-term monitoring, beneficial reuse, clean closure considerations, and shoreline erosion protection issues.

sediment

reactive capping

NAVFAC Sediment Reactive Capping Fact Sheet (December 2015)

Reactive capping is an emerging remedial approach that incorporates materials capable of directly sequestering and/or degrading contaminants to reduce the environmental risks posed by the impacted sediments. This factsheet reviews reactive capping approaches, materials, deployment, monitoring, and lessons learned from two Navy case study applications.

ISCO

NAVFAC RPM Update: In Situ Chemical Oxidation Design Considersations, (June 2015)

These slides contain a summary of a technology transfer product titled “Design Considerations for In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO).” The slides are meant as a brief overview of the topic and the report can be referred to for more detailed information. The topics covered include: ISCO remedial design submittals, key CSM elements, key design elements, drawings, specifications and standards, and schedule.

ISBGT

NAVFAC RPM Update: In Situ BioGeochemical Transformation, (June 2015)

In Situ Biogeochemical Transformation (ISBGT) Processes for Treating Contaminated Groundwater.” The slides are meant as a brief overview of the topic and the factsheet can be referred to for more detailed information. The topics covered include: ISBGT reaction chemistry and pathways, target contaminants, site conditions, ISBGT amendments, monitoring approach, and case studies.

ERD

NAVFAC RPM Update: Design Considerations for Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination (ERD),  (June 2015)

These slides contain a summary of a technology transfer product titled “Design Considerations for Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination (ERD).” The slides are meant as a brief overview of the topic and the report can be referred to for more detailed information. The topics covered include: ERD remedial design submittals, key CSM elements, key design elements, drawings, specifications and standards, and schedule.

MC

NAVFAC RPM Update: Munitions Constituents (MC) Attenutation Pathways, (June 2015)

These slides contain a summary of a technology transfer product titled “Attenuation Pathways for Munitions Constituents (MC) in Soils and Groundwater.” The slides are meant as a brief overview of the topic and the report can be referred to for more detailed information. The topics covered include: an overview of MC issues, physical attenuation, chemical attenuation, biological attenuation, technology applications, and case studies.

biogeochemical

contaminated plume

groundwater

In Situ Biogeochemical Transformation Processes for Treating Contaminated Groundwater Fact Sheet, (September 2014)

In situ biogeochemical transformation (ISBGT) processes result in the degradation of contaminants through combined biological, mineral, and chemical pathways. The contaminants are typically transformed abiotically by reduced iron (Fe II) minerals formed by microbial activity. However, the minerals may also be present naturally as part of the site geology. This fact sheet summarizes the application of ISBGT in treating groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents.

GSR Metrics

Green and Sustainable Remediation Fact Sheet, NAVFAC EXWC (May 2014)

This fact sheet provides a brief introduction to green and sustainable remediation (GSR) metrics and footprint reduction practices

Passive Sampling

Transitioning from Conventional to Passive Sampling for Groundwater, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1305 (April 2013)

This fact sheet provides an overall framework that can be used to assist Remdial Project Managers (RPMs) in designing a transition plan from conventional sampling to passive sampling for groundwater.

Vapor Intrusion

Characterization

Vapor Intrusion - Innovative Site Characterization Methods Fact Sheet, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301 (February 2013)

This fact sheet was prepared to provide an overview of several emerging and innovative methods for the characterization of indoor air at potential vapor intrusion (VI) sites. These methods include passive sampling, use of a portable gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) instrument, use of building pressure control techniques, hydrocarbon fingerprinting, compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA), and radon sampling.

CSM 

groundwater

CSM Checklist – Terrestrial & Groundwater Considerations, NAVFAC ESC (January 2013)

 

CSM

Munitions

CSM Checklist - Munitions, NAVFAC ESC (January 2013)

 

CSM

sediment

Surface water

CSM Checklist - Sediment & Surface Water, NAVFAC ESC (January 2013)

CSM

Vapor Intrusion

CSM Checklist - Vapor Intrusion, NAVFAC ESC (October 2012)

bioremediation

DNAPL

Bioremediation-Using in Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid Source Zones, NAVFAC Fact Sheet (April 2012)

This fact sheet reviews factors that determine if bioremediation can be used in a dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zone.

TCE

Trichloroethene (TCE) Toxicity Values Fact Sheet, NAVFAC (March 2012)

This fact sheet reviews updated toxicity values for trichloroethene to be used in risk assessments.

ISCO

In Situ Chemical Oxidation Fact Sheet, NAVFAC (September 2011)

This fact sheet provides an overview of the ISCO technology and lessons learned during its implementation

Vapor Intrusion

Mitigation

Vapor Intrusion Mitigation in Construction of New Buildings, NAVFAC Fact Sheet (August 2011)

This fact sheet provides an overview of VI mitigation methods that can be integrated during the construction of new buildings, along with important factors to consider when selecting and designing these systems.

Vapor Intrusion

Mitigation

Vapor Intrusion Mitigation in Existing Buildings, NAVFAC Fact Sheet (May 2011)

This fact sheet reviews methods that can be used to mitigate VI in existing buildings, along with important considerations for selecting and designing an appropriate mitigation system.

green sustainable remediation

Green and Sustainable Remedation Fact Sheet, NAVFAC (August 2010)

This is the original fact sheet to set the foundation for the Navy’s GSR initiatives and define key GSR metrics.

   

 

 

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Handbooks and Technical Memorandums

Topics Title and Description

Bioremediation

In Situ 

Advances in the State of the Practice for Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation (EISB)

Enhanced in situ bioremediation (EISB) is an engineered technology that introduces physical, chemical, and biological changes to the aquifer to create the conditions necessary for microorganisms to transform contaminants of concern (COCs) to innocuous byproducts. This document provides current industry-accepted best practices to design and apply EISB, with a primary focus on chlorinated ethene remediation, and introduces Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) to recent innovations and trends to facilitate successful application.

 

biogeochemical

groundwater

Biogeochemical Transformation Handbook (October 2015)

In situ biogeochemical transformation (ISBGT) processes result in the degradation of contaminants through combined biological, mineral, and chemical pathways. In this handbook, the mechanisms that contribute to ISBGT processes and the contaminants degraded by ISBGT are explored.

sediment

Sustainable Sediment Remediation White Paper (September 2015)

Sediment sites are an important issue for the Navy; however, existing optimization and green and sustainable remediation (GSR) guidance is not specifically aimed at contaminated sediment issues. This report provides a connection between existing DON optimization and GSR guidance and DON guidance pertaining to contaminated sediment sites.

Vapor Intrusion

Technical Memorandum: Passive Sampling for Vapor Intrusion Assessment (July 2015)

This technical memorandum describes the basics of passive sampler theory and design, the available types of passive samplers, the advantages and limitations of passive samplers, and important considerations when implementing a passive sampling program.

in situ chemical oxidation

ISCO

Design Considerations for In Situ Chemical Oxidation, NAVFAC EXWC TM-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1502 (March 2015)

The purpose of this document is to provide a framework for design submittals of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) systems. Provides a summary of the best practices for ISCO design and lessons learned from Navy sites related to implementation and performance.

enhanced reductive dechlorination

ERD

Design Considerations For Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination, NAVFAC EXWC TM-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1501 (March 2015)

The purpose of this document is to provide a framework for design submittals of enhanced reductive dechlorination (ERD) systems. Provides a summary of the best practices for ERD design and lessons learned from Navy sites related to implementation and performance.

Munitions constituents

natural attenuation

Attenuation Pathways for Munitions Constituents in Soils and Groundwater, NAVFAC EXWC TR-NAVFACEXWC-EV-1503 (January 2015)

The objective of this report is to provide an understanding of natural and enhanced attenuation processes for munitions constituents (MC) in soils and groundwater. The scope of this report includes MC issues; physical, chemical, and biological attenuation pathways; technology applications; and case studies.

injection

Best Practices for Injection and Distribution of Amendments, TR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1303 (March 2013)

The objective of this white paper is to present current "best practices" for introducing liquid and solid phase amendments into aquifers and improve the likelihood that these amendments are adequately distributed. Best practices and lessons learned are also provided.

PCB

 

fingerprinting

PCB - A Handbook for Determining the Sources of PCB Contamination in Sediments, NAVFAC EXWC, TR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1302 (October 2012)

This handbook provides information on conducting environmental forensic investigations for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at sediment sites.

green sustainable

remediation

GSR-Integrating Green Sustainable Remediation Metrics within the CERCLA Process during the Feasibility Study, NAVFAC ESC (July 2012)

This white paper focuses on Navy GSR metrics and their incorporation into the nine criteria for alternatives analysis during remedy evaluation phase.  An example case study of GSR being incorporated into the remedy selection process is also provided.

cleanup goals

Evaluation of Site-Specific Criteria for Determining Potability and Cleanup Goals for Impacted Groundwater, NAVFAC Risk Assessment Workgroup Issue Paper (March 2011)

This white paper provides criteria for determining EPA's Groundwater Beneficial Use Classification in order to establish appropriate cleanup goals for groundwater sites

LNAPL

LNAPL Site Management Handbook, NAVFAC (November 2010)

The LNAPL Site Management Handbook provides an overview of effective strategies for managing LNAPL-contaminated sites to ensure protectiveness of human health and the environment, while simultaneously avoiding unnecessary and prolonged remedial efforts.

Groundwater

Risk Management

Groundwater Risk Management Handbook, NAVFAC (January 2008)

This handbook provides an overview of challenging site conditions for groundwater plumes and summarizes risk management strategies such as establishing points of compliance (POCs), alternate concentration limits (ACLs), performing mixing zone analyses, and Technical Impracticability (TI) waivers.

DNAPL

DNAPL Management Overview Handbook, NAVFAC (April 2007)

This handbook provides an introduction on how to manage DNAPL contamination at a site. Because DNAPL sites can be very challenging, this document focuses heavily on the limitations of characterizing and removing DNAPL and how to make realistic management decisions in the midst of these uncertainties.

   

 

 

 

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Cost and Performance (C&P) Reports and Other Research

Topics Title and Description
MNA

Verification of Methods for Assessing the Sustainability of Monitored Natural Attenuation, NAVFAC EXWC Contract Report CR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1302, ESTCP ER 0824 (January 2013)

Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) is a component of corrective action plans at many Department of Defense (DoD) facilities nationwide

DNAPL Thermal

DNAPL Removal From Fractured Rock Using Thermal Conductive Heating (TCH), NAVFAC ESC Contractor Report CR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1202 (August 2012)

Demonstrate the feasibility of TCH to heat the target volume of rock and water to steam distillation temperatures via energy applied to vertical TCH borings. This included evaluating the cooling influence of inflowing groundwater.

permeable reactive barrier

Cost and Performance Report Permeable Reactive Barrier, TR-NAVFAC ESC-EV-1207 (March 2012)

An evaluation of cost and performance was conducted for three full-scale permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) representing a range of installation technologies, reactive media, and targeted contaminants

DNAPL Technology Screening

DNAPL - Development of a Protocol and a Screening Tool for the Selection of DNAPL Source Area Remediation - Final Report, NAVFAC ESC CR-NAVFAC ESC-EV-1201 (January 2012)

A screening tool (DNAPL TEST) for DNAPL remedies. For a copy, contact exwc_t2@navy.mil.

persulfate

Cost and Performance Report for Persulfate Treatability Studies, NAVFAC ESC TR-2333-ENV (June 2010)

Five Persulfate application projects at four Navy sites and one Marine Corps site provide useful information on performance of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) under different site conditions.

thermal

remediation

Cost and Performance Report Addendum of Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH), NAVAFAC ESC TR-2308-ENV (September 2008)

An evaluation of the cost and performance of electrical resistance heating (ERH), which was applied at Site 1 located at the U.S. Naval Station Annapolis

persulfate

Cost and Performance Report for a Persulfate Treatability Study at North Island, NAVFAC ESC TR-2306-ENV (August 2008)

An evaluation of the cost and performance of a persulfate pilot treatability study conducted for the treatment of chlorinated organics in groundwater at Operable Unit 20 at Naval Air Station North Island.

Zero Valent Iron

Cost and Performance Report for a Zero Valent Iron (ZVI) Treatability Study at North Island, NAVFAC ESC TR-2307-ENV (July 2008)

An evaluation of the cost and performance of a zero-valent iron (ZVI) pilot treatability study conducted for the treatment of chlorinated organics in groundwater at Operable Unit 20 at Naval Air Station North Island

DNAPL Bioaugmentation

DNAPL - Lessons Learned on Bioaugmentation of DNAPL Source Zone Areas, NAVFAC ESC TR-2293-ENV, ESTCP 0008 (October 2007)

The purpose of the demonstration was to investigate the effects of biological activity on enhancing dissolution of DNAPL. Both laboratory and field tests were performed using biostimulation and bioaugmentation.

catalyst

Groundwater - Cost and Performance Report: In Situ Catalytic Groundwater Treatment Using Palladium Catalysts and Horizontal Flow Treatment Wells, NAVFAC ESC CR-07-022-ENV, (ESTCP ER 200019) (June 2007)

Palladium (Pd) catalyzed reductive dechlorination transforms chlorinated ethylenes and other VOCs into their respective saturated hydrocarbons or lesser chlorinated analogues. The process can be utilized to efficiently treat water contaminated with reactive chlorinated contaminants. A one-pass catalytic process has many advantages, mainly that contaminants are destroyed instead of being transferred to another medium (e.g. air or activated carbon).

DNAPL biodegradation

DNAPL-Biodegradation of DNAPLs Through Bioaugmentation of Source Areas, Dover National Test Site, Dover, Delaware, NAVFAC ESC CR-07-021 (ESTCP ER-0008) (May 2007)

This demonstration evaluated the use of biological processes to enhance the dissolution of a tetrachloroethene (PCE) from an aquifer known to have DNAPL.

thermal remediation

Cost and Performance Review of Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) for Source Treatment - Final Report, NAVFAC ESC TR 2279-ENV (March 2007)

This cost and performance report is a review of data from four Navy projects and one NASA project involving the use of Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) for treatment of source zones containing DNAPLs or high concentrations of volatile contaminants.

Zero Valent Iron

Cost and Performance Report Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron Technologies for Source Remediation, NAVFAC ESC Contract Report CR-05-007-ENV (September 2005)

This cost and performance report is a comparative evaluation of the performance of nano- and micro-scale zero-valent iron field demonstrations at three Navy sites: Hunters Point NSY, Jacksonville NAS, and Lakehurst NAES.

surfactant

Cost and Performance Report for Surfactant-Enhanced DNAPL Removal at Site 88, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, NAVFAC ESC CP Report (October 2001)

This report reviews the surfactant flood demonstration conducted at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina with respect to cost and performance issues. Cost for full-scale cleanup are provided.

permeable reactive barrier

 Cost and Performance Report for Pilot Scale Permeable Barrier at Former Naval Air Station  Moffett Field, Mountain View, California, NAVFAC ESC CP Report (July 1999)

Cost & Performance Report for a pilot scale permeable reactive barrier for cleanup of chlorinated solvents at NAS Moffett Field, Mountain View, CA.

   

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