Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center

Optimization

NAVFAC Optimization (OPT) Workgroup

The Optimization Work Group was established as an advisory group to the Navy Installation Restoration (IR) Managers. The work group's role is to promote the optimization of remedial actions including monitoring in the Navy Installation Restoration Program, with the ultimate purpose of achieving efficient, protective, and cost-effective site closeouts.

The Workgroup is comprised of representatives from the Navy's Facilities Engineering Commands (FECs), the Naval Facilities Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (EXWC), the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and the Marine Corps Headquarters.

The work group is responsible for performing the following tasks as they relate to the Navy IR Program:

  1. Developing and recommending initiatives and strategies that will facilitate optimization of restoration projects
  2. Providing IR Managers with support in developing site closeout guidance and policy
  3. Identifying barriers that inhibit optimization of restoration projects
  4. Recommending process changes to the IR Mangers to eliminate or minimize barriers to optimization of restoration projects
  5. Proposing policies and recommending procedures and guidance for optimization of restoration projects
  6. Identifying potential sites for restoration optimization projects
  7. Developing and updating course materials on optimization for CECOS training and other seminars, as needed

 

A Remedial Action, or cleanup, of a contaminated site can sometimes require operation of the cleanup system for an extended period of time. This phase of the Navy's Environmental Restoration program is called Remedial Action Operation (RAO). Once the cleanup system has completed operation and the site has reached the specified level of cleanup, the site may still require the Long-Term Management (LTMgt) phase to monitor continued protectiveness of the remedy. This phase is generally needed for remedies involving containment, e.g., landfill caps. The budgets for both the RAO and LTMgt phases for the Navy IR sites is expected to increase in future years, as an increasing number of IR sites advance through the initial investigations phases and technology selection process. The work group has developed guidance documents to optimize remedial actions during the RAO phase, and groundwater monitoring for both the RAO and LTMgt phases.

 

The following documents were developed by the Optimization Workgroup:

Guide to Optimal Groundwater Monitoring, NAVFAC ESC (January, 2000) (112 pages 3124KB)
The Navy Work Group has developed this guidance for the optimization of groundwater monitoring programs. The guidance is based on "lessons learned" from optimization efforts undertaken by the Navy and Marine Corps, as well as optimization evaluations performed by the work group.  The guidance is presented in a question and answer format and includes example decision criteria, decision flow charts and diagrams, statements of work, statistical tools and more.

NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operation, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301 (1 October 2012)   (94pgs   2554KB)
This guidance document developed by the work group provides a step-wise process that includes evaluations of remedial action objectives, remediation performance and cost effectiveness, development of alternatives, and prioritization of optimization strategies to achieve remediation goals and site closeout. The guidance document also summarizes case studies that provide "lessons learned."

Groundwater Pump and Treat Report, NFESC Special Publication SP-2129-ENV (February 2003)  (15 pgs   55KB)
This is a summary report based on a 2002 survey of DON pump and treat (P&T) systems conducted by the DON RAO/LTMgt Optimization Workgroup. The survey asked for information from the Navy RPMs  about design aspects, operational data, capital costs, operational costs, and optimization efforts related to P&T systems. This report contains no site-specific information, but rather a summary of DON systems together. The report concludes with P&T optimization and management recommendations.

DON Guidance for Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selections, and Design, NAVFAC ESC UG-2087-ENV (9 Mar 2010)    (56pgs   2976KB)
The OPT Work Group developed guidance for optimizing remedy evaluations, selection, and design which focuses on upfront planning for life cycle conditions of the cleanup.  This guidance provides detailed discussion on considerations such as site conceptual model, target treatment areas, treatment trains, optimizing during the feasibility study, performance objectives, flexible RODs, and optimization during the remedial design phase.  The application of these considerations during the remedy selection and design phases should assist in future implementation of optimal remedies.

DON Guidance to Documenting Milestones Throughout the Site Closeout Process, NAVFAC ESC UG-2072-ENV (March 2006)    (56pgs   2976KB)
The OPT Work Group prepared guidance for documenting site closeout milestones. This guidance identifies specific reports to document completion of milestones and to obtain concurrence from the regulatory agencies. This guidance addresses necessary documents for the CERCLA, RCRA, and UST programs. The guidance document includes examples and templates of the reports and concurrence documents.

 

Additional Efforts

 

Additional on-going efforts for the work group includes input to the DON optimization policy being developed; participation with the ITRC Remedial Process Optimization team which is preparing a guidance document for regulators, and involvement in the coordinating committee for the ITRC's Optimization Conferences.

The work group conducted several optimization studies prior to developing the RAO and LTMgt optimization guidance documents. The documents listed below include these case studies for optimization of groundwater monitoring and remedial action operations at several DON installations.  These reports summarize the evaluation process and optimization recommendations.

 

 

Roadmap for Implementing Optimization into the CERCLA Phases and Milestones
(Roadmap with text descriptions and document links is located on the Optimzation page, click link above)

roadmap

 

 

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Resources

        Policy & Guidance                   Publications                   Related Sites        

 

 

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Policy and Guidance

Topics Title and Description Pages Size (KB)

Optimization

Remedial Action

Removal Actions

DON Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions at all Department of Navy (DON) Environmental Restoration Program Sites, NAVFAC 5090-Ser 12005/EV3-KB (2 April 2012)

 

12 1013

Optimization

Remedial Action Operation

NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operation, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301 (1 October 2012)

Optimization of RA-O programs is an important process which helps to ensure maximum remedial effectiveness, minimum negative environmental and societal impacts, and improved cost efficiency of a remedy. Optimization is an ongoing responsibility of Navy/Marine Corps RPMs and their contractors who operate, maintain, and monitor remediation systems. The goal of optimization is to achieve RC and ultimately site closeout in the shortest amount of time and with the least possible remedy footprint and expenditure.

94 2554

Optimization

Remedy Evaluation

Remedy Desgin

Guidance for Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selections, and Design, NAVFAC ESC UG-2087-ENV (9 Mar 2010)

This guidance provides a general overview and explanation of key optimization concepts as they pertain to the Feasibility Study (FS), Record of Decision (ROD), and Remedial Design (RD) cleanup phases, and provides recommendations for optimizing remedy selection and design.

84 3193

Monitoring

Optimization

Planning

DON Guidance for Planning and Optimizing Monitoring Strategies, NAVFAC ESC UG-2081-ENV Rev1, November 2010

This guidance document developed by the optimization work group provides information on planning and optimizing monitoring programs for environmental restoration sites. Part I provides detailed discussion on considerations that are applicable to all monitoring programs. Part II provides individual chapters that focus on monitoring for specific media types or specific site types including groundwater, sediments, groundwater discharge to surface water, ecological resources, vadose zone, landfills, and land use controls

250 3911
       
  HISTORICAL POLICY and GUIDANCE    
 

CNO (Navy/Marine Corps) Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions Under the Environmental Restoration Programs, CNO 5090 N45C/N4U732343 (23 April 2004) - superceded by DON Policy for Optimizing Remedial and Removal Actions at all Department of Navy (DON) Environmental Restoration Program Sites, NAVFAC 5090-Ser 12005/EV3-KB (2 April 2012)

This policy establishes procedures for optimizing the screening, evaluation, selection, design, and implementation for long-term operation and management of response actions conducted under the Environmental Restoration (ER) program.

7 108
 

DON Guidance for Planning and Optimizing Monitoring Strategies, NAVFAC ESC UG-2081-ENV (Aug 2008)  -  superceded by NAVFAC ESC UG-2081-ENV Rev1 (November 2010)

This guidance document developed by the optimization work group provides information on planning and optimizing monitoring programs for environmental restoration sites. Part I provides detailed discussion on considerations that are applicable to all monitoring programs. Part II provides individual chapters that focus on monitoring for specific media types or specific site types including groundwater, sediments, groundwater discharge to surface water, ecological resources, vadose zone, landfills, and land use controls. This guidance document replaces the Guide to Optimal Groundwater Monitoring of February 2000.

233 4629
 

NAVFAC Guidance For Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selection, and Design,NAVFAC ESC UG-2060-ENV (April, 2004) - superceded by DON Guidance for Optimizing Remedy Evaluation, Selections, and Design, NAVFAC ESC UG-2087-ENV (9 Mar 2010)

The objective of this guidance is to provide procedures for consideration during the Feasibility Study (FS), Record of Decision (ROD), and Remedial Design (RD) for the optimization of remedial systems at Navy Environmental Restoration Sites. This document serves as a companion to the Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operations.

60 2748
 

Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operations, NAVFAC Special Report SR-2101 (April, 2001) – superceded by NAVFAC Guidance for Optimizing Remedial Action Operation, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301 (1 October 2012)

Discussion of the 6 general steps for optimizing Remedial Action Operation (RAO) as well as technology-specific optimization considerations.

157 2148
       

 

 

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Publications

Topics Title and Description Pages Size (KB)
 

Five Year Review Toolkit, NAVFAC (19 December 2013)

 

17 55936
 

Remedial Alternatives Analysis (RAA) Guidance, NAVFAC (Rev 4 April 2012)

 

13 125
 

Remedial Alternatives Analysis (RAA) Template, NAVFAC (4 April 2012)

 

6 52
 

Remedial Action Operation (RAO) Optimization  Case Study - MCB Camp Lejeune Operable Units 1 & 2, NAVFAC SSR-2539-ENV (January, 2000)

Evaluation of Remedial Action Operations of pump & treat systems at MCB Camp LeJeune. Includes optimization recommendations for monitoring, the extraction system, and the treatment system.

132 4733
 

Optimization of Remedial Action Operation to Treat Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Groundwater, NAS Pensacola, NAVFAC RAO/LTM/Optimization Workgroup (January, 2000)

This report summarized the optimization effort for the remediation program at a former sludge drying bed and surge pond at NAS Pensacola, FL. In situ chemical oxidation technology was applied to treat high concentration of chlorinated compounds. The RAO optimization program at this site has enabled the Navy to discontinue active remediation, and has reduced remediation and monitoring costs.

18 689
 

Remedial Action Operation (RAO) Optimization  Case Study - MCB Camp Lejeune, Campbell Street Fuel Farm, NAVFAC SSR-2538-ENV (January, 2000)

Evaluation of remedial action operation of a pump & treat system at MCB Camp LeJeune. Includes optimization recommendations for monitoring, the extraction system, and the treatment system.

54 508
 

Remedial Action Operation (RAO) Optimization  Case Study -Eastern Groundwater Plume NAS Brunswick, NAVFAC SSR-2537-ENV (January, 2000)

Evaluation of Remedial Action Operations of a pump& treat system at NAS Brunswick. Includes optimization recommendations for monitoring, the extraction system, and treatment system

69 2853
 

Remedial Action Operation (RAO) Optimization  Summary Report - Site 11, Old Camden County Landfill, NSB Kings Bay, GA, NAVFAC RAO/OPT Workgroup Fact Sheet (October, 1999)

Summary of the optimization effort for the remediation program at Site 11, Kings Bay, GA. The use of in-situ chemical oxidation for source reduction before transitioning to monitored natural attenuation.

8 467
       
  PUMP AND TREAT SYSTEMS    
 

Transitioning from Conventional to Passive Sampling for Groundwater, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1305 (April 2013)

This fact sheet provides an overall framework that can be used to assist Remdial Project Managers (RPMs) in designing a transition plan from conventional sampling to passive sampling for groundwater.

3 1701
 

Groundwater Pump and Treat Report, NFESC Special Publication SP-2129-ENV (February 2003)

Report summarized operational, performance, and cost information associated with Navy Pump & Treat (P&T) Systems. Also includes P&T management suggestions.

15 55
 

EPA - Elements for Effective Management of Operating Pump and Treat Systems, USEPA 542-R-02-009 OSWER 9355.4-27FS  (October 2002)

This EPA fact sheet summarizes key aspects of effective management of operating pump and treat (P&T) systems based on lessons learned at 20 Superfund-financed P&T systems.

22 499
       
  GREEN AND SUSTAINABLE REMEDIATION    
 

GSR-Integrating Green Sustainable Remediation Metrics within the CERCLA Process during the Feasibility Study, NAVFAC ESC (July 2012)

This white paper focuses on department of the Navy GSR metrics and their incorporation into the nine criteria for alternatives analysis during remedy evaluation phase. An example case study of GSR being incorporated into the remedy selection process is also provided.

13 95
 

DON Guidance on Green Sustainable Remediation, NAVFAC ESC UG-2093-ENV, Rev1 (5 April 2012)

This policy clarifies when optimization reviews are necessary and provides effective remedial strategies to meet remedial action objectives.  It mandates the following actions at Environmental Restoration (ER) sites: 1) green and sustainable remediation (GSR) be incorporated into the optimization process; 2) a Remedial Alternatives Analysis (RAA) be performed to ensure sites have been effectively optimized; and 3) ensuring the use of the SiteWise™ tool in all GSR actions.   It also recommends the use of the Management and Monitoring Approach (MMA) for ER sites to facilitate the documentation of effective monitoring efforts during the optimization process.

114 2478
 

SiteWise™ User Guide Version 3.0, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1302-ENV (July 2013)

This update guide includes a general description of the SiteWise™ 3.0 tool, instructions for using SiteWise™ and the basis of calculations.

92 1732
 

SiteWise™ User Guide Version 2.0, NAVFAC ESC UG-2092-ENV (June 2011)

This guide includes a general description of the SiteWise™ tool, instructions for using SiteWise™ and the basis of calculations.

81 1531
 

Green and Sustainable Remediation Fact Sheet, NAVFAC (4 Aug 2010)

This fact sheet provides an overview of green and sustainable (GSR) metrics.

4 254
 

DoD Memo Consideration of Green and Sustainable Remediation Practices in the Defense Environmental Restoration Program, DUSD (I&E) Memo dated 10 Aug 2009

The Office of Under Secretary of Defense released The Green and Sustainable Remediation Memorandum in August of 2009. The memorandum states that the DoD is committed to conduct its environmental program in a sustainable manner, in line with the executive order (EO) 13423. The memorandum also stresses the need to reduce the energy demand of the existing and future remedial systems and consider other available options to minimize the environmental impact of these systems. The memorandum requests every DoD component to apprise the Office of Under Secretary of Defense by December 2009 about the initiatives undertaken by all the DoD components for implementing green and sustainable options in their environmental restoration programs.

2 118
       
  MANAGEMENT and MONITORING    
 

Management and Monitoring Approach Presentation, NAVFAC EV (3 May 2012)

 

30 9156
 

Management and Monitorin Approach Presentation Attachment-Optimization Tools, NAVFAC EV (3 May 2012)

 

10 12,595
 

Monitoring Report Template, NAVFAC EV Optimization Workgroup (3 May 2011)

 

24 4403
 

Long-Term Monitoring Optimization Case Study: MCB Camp LeJeune, NC, NAVFAC Site Specific Report SSR-2500-ENV (August 1999)

This case study provides optimization recommendations for the groundwater monitoring program (LTM, Long-Term Monitoring, RAO) at OU1 and OU2 MCB Camp Lejeune.

67 2427
 

Long-Term Monitoring Optimization Case Study: NWIRP Dallas, TX, NAVFAC Site Specific Report SSR-2511-ENV (September 1999)

This report provides discussion on the proposed elements for an optimized groundwater monitoring (LTM, Long-Term Monitoring) plan at NWIRP Dallas, TX

74 2979
 

Long-Term Monitoring Optimization Case Study: NAS Patuxent River, MD , NAVFAC Site Specific Report SSR-2499-ENV (August 1999)

This case study provides optimization recommendations for groundwater monitoring programs (LTM, RAO, long-term monitoring) at NAS Patuxent (Pax) River.

69 1414
 

Groundwater Monitoring Case Study: MCLB Albany, GA, RAO/LTM Optimization, NAVFAC ESC Fact Sheet (July 1999)

This case study provides a summary of the optimization effort for groundwater monitoring (LTM, Long-Term Monitoring) program at MCLB Albany, GA.

4 467
 

Groundwater  Monitoring Case Study: NAS Brunswick, ME, RAO/LTM Optimization, NAVFAC ESC Fact Sheet (July 1999)

This case study provides a summary of the optimization effort for groundwater monitoring (LTM, Long-Term Monitoring) program at NAS Brunswick.

6 168
 

Groundwater  Monitoring Case Study: NAS Pensacola, FL, RAO/LTM Optimization, NAVFAC ESC Fact Sheet (July 1999)

This case study provides a summary of the optimization effort for groundwater monitoring (LTM, Long-Term Monitoring) program at NAS Pensacola, FL.

6 559
       
  LAND USE CONTROLS    
 

DON Environmental Policy Memorandum 99-02: Land Use Controls (Interim Final), ASN (I&E) Memo dated 25 May 1999

 

5 44
       
  SITE CLOSE OUT    
 

DON Guidance to Documenting Milestones Throughout the Site Closeout Process, NAVFAC ESC UG-2072-ENV (March 2006)

The purpose of this guide is to outline a consistent approach for Navy RPMs to follow in recognizing and documenting specific milestones for achieving site closeout. This guide identifies the particular documents that are needed at appropriate stages of the closeout process to record agreements and concurrence of regulators. This guidance addresses closeout documentation requirements for varied regulatory frameworks, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and the Underground Storage Tanks (UST) Programs. Samples of concurrence letters and Record of Decision (ROD) language are provided in the appendices to assist RPMs in preparing concurrence documentation for their sites.

56 2976
       
       

 

 

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Related Sites

Topics Title and Description Pages Size (KB)
 

Environmental Restoration and BRAC – Optimization Page

 

n/a n/a
 

Environmental Restoration and BRAC - Green Sustainable Remediation Page

 

n/a n/a
 

Data Quality Objectives

The DQO process is a planning tool for data collection activities. It provides a basis for balancing decision uncertainty with available resources.

n/a n/a
 

EPA - Five-Year Review Guidance

EPA guidance document is intended to promote consistent implementation of the five-year review process.

n/a n/a
 

EPA Directive - Natural Attenuation: "Use of EPA Natural Attenuation at Superfund, RCRA Corrective Action, and UST Sites"

Clarifies EPA's policy with regard to the use of monitored natural attenuation for the remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater at sites regulated under all programs administered by EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response.

 

n/a n/a
 

FRTR Remedial System Optimization and Evaluation

Remediation Process Optimization (RPO) involves systematic monitoring and evaluation to detect and respond to changes in performance. System optimization offers benefits that include enhanced protectiveness, reduced cost, shortened cleanup times, and the increased likelihood of site closeout.

n/a n/a
       

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