Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center

EV Technical Publications

 

 

NAVFAC EXWC Environmental Technical Publications

Most of the publications listed here are produced by the Naval Facilities Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (NAVFAC EXWC) or its predecessor organizations.
    Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center (NAVFAC ESC or NFESC)
    Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCEL)
    Naval Energy and Environmental Support Activity (NEESA)
    Navy Environmental Support Office (NESO)

Department of the Navy (DON) and Department of Defense (DoD) Environmental Research, Development, Test & Evaluation programs include the following:
     SERDP (DoD) - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program
     ESTCP (DoD) - Environmental Sustainability Technology Certification Program
     NESDI - Navy Environmental Sustainability Development to Integration program

You can use "Find" (hold down Control and click on the letter F or click on Edit-->Find) to look for publications on a topic of interest.

 

Select an environmental category for publications in that area below:

Environmental Compliance Environmental Sustainability Environmental Restoration

 

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Environmental Compliance Publications

Environmental Compliance Technology Demonstration Videos

SuperCLU
Super Energy Efficient Containerized Living Unit

The SuperCLU program goals are to improve the energy efficiency of current containerized living units (CLUs) by demonstrating energy reducing technologies to the existing CLU design and developing a highly energy efficient CLU, called a SuperCLU. The optimal design of existing CLUs can be achieved by incorporating high energy efficient HVAC systems, high R-value insulation, reflective insulated exterior coatings, and well balanced interior air distribution.

For the Tech Data Sheet of this technology, click here.

Watch Now

Identifying and Quantifying Metal Pollution in Storm Water

To improve current stormwater management processes, a methodology using new analytical models were developed using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies. Key information such as industrial operations, building materials, parking lots, roadways, outside storage areas, etc. are accounted for in order to calculate broad range estimates of potential metal concentrations, identify potential material sources, and predict which drainage basins need the most attention.

Watch Now

Storm Water Dual Media Filtration System
Low Impact Technologies to Reduce Pollution from Storm Water Runoff

Innovative filter-absorption media bed system for reducing the concentration of metals, hydrocarbons, suspended solids and other pollutants in storm water runoff.

Watch Now

Real-Time Drinking Water Quality Monitoring Technologies

The real-time drinking water quality monitoring technology is an early warning system (EWS) to enhance water supply security and distribution operations.  EWS is designed to detect a wide range of contaminants, including organics, inorganics, biological compounds and biotoxins, while capable of integrating monitors, institutional arrangements, analysis tools, and response mechanisms.

For the Tech Data Sheet of this technology, click here.

Watch Now

Tidal Wetland System
Tertiary Treatment Recycling Waste Water (TTRWW)

A Wetland Cell technology containing aggregate, specifically engineered to promote beneficial growth of microorganisms and plants working together to produce high quality reclaimed water for use in sub-surface irrigation.

Watch Now



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Topics Environmental Compliance Publications & Fact Sheets Pages Size (KB)

HAPs, VOCs, Solvents, Cleaners, High Tech, Substitutes

Cleaning Solvents for the 21st Century

A methodology was developed to facilitate information transfer/exchange and furnish guidance on executing solvent substitution efforts. In 2002 the DoD formed a Joint Service Solvent Substitution Working Group (JS3WG) comprised from Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration personnel. The JS3 WG identified cleaning processes impacted by regulations targeting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) containing solvents and cleaners.

2 130

BOWTS, Removal, Bilge, Oily, Wastewater Treatment

Bilge and Oily Wastewater Treatment System (BOWTS)

The Bilge and Oily Wastewater Treatment System (BOWTS) is an integrated system of off-the-shelf components providing state of the art and highly effective removal capabilities for pollutants in bilge water.

2 444

Identify, Quantifying, Metal Pollutant Sources, Stormwater Runoff, GIS

Methodology for Identifying & Quantifying Metal Pollutant Sources in Stormwater Runoff

The new approach addresses Navy installations’ struggle with meeting their National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit requirements for metals in stormwater due to low benchmark values in runoff from industrial areas.

For the video presentation of this technology, click here.

2 326

Currents, Sea Floor Cable Effects

Studying the Impact of Seafloor Cables on the Marine Environment

Principal investigators sponsored by the Navy Environmental Sustainability Development to Integration (NESDI) program recently completed the second year of a multiyear study assessing the placement and removal of an underwater cable from the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS) off the coast of central California. These efforts will aid the Navy in making sound decisions regarding the longterm disposition of seafloor cables.

For the Currents publication of this study, click here.

16 2060

Food Waste

Diversion Programs

Improving Non-Hazardous Solid Waste Diversion, Food Waste

The purpose of this guide is to provide information on how Navy installations can add food recovery to their existing waste diversion programs. This document describes the ways in which a typical installation would approach food waste separation and recovery efforts. Navy installations need to increase reuse and recycle of non-hazardous solid waste (SW) to meet diversion goals specified in the Department of Defense (DoD) Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan (SSPP) and in Executive Order (EO) 13514.

For the original guidance document, click here.

For the Currents Magazine publication of this study, click here.

37 909

SuperCLU

Super Energy Efficient Containerized Living Unit (SuperCLU)

The SuperCLU program goals are to improve the energy efficiency of current containerized living units (CLUs) by demonstrating energy reducing technologies to the existing CLU design and developing a highly energy efficient CLU, called a SuperCLU. The optimal design of existing CLUs can be achieved by incorporating high energy efficient HVAC systems, high R-value insulation, reflective insulated exterior coatings, and well balanced interior air distribution.

For the video presentation of this technology, click here.

3 81

Tertiary Treatment Recycling of Wastewater

Tertiary Treatment Recycling of Wastewater

An Innovative on-site tertiary treatment and recycling of wastewater for tidal wetland-based wastewater treatment system that produces recyclable non-potable water from black water, including gray water. The treated water can be used for sub-terrain irrigation, toilet flushing, industrial wash water, and groundwater recharge.

2 155

Modeling Tool for Navy Facilities

Modeling Tool for Navy Facilities to Quantify Sources, Loads, and Mitigation Actions of Metals in Storm water Discharges

Demonstrate and validate the Source Loading and Management Model
for Windows (WinSLAMM) storm water management model allowing Navy facility managers to identify potential sources of metals—particularly copper and zinc— in storm water runoff. The validated model also helps managers decide where to apply, and which control practices may be applied to provide effective BMPs.

2 80

Shore Side Compwater Treatment

Water Compensating Fuel System

Zinc

Zinc Removal from Compensated Fuel Ballast Water

The NAFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (NAVFAC EXWC) has developed and successfully demonstrated a Compwater Collection and Management (CCM) system, designed to be a cost-effective, shore-side treatment procedure for compwater.

2 2,033

Aircraft

Noise Pollution Mitigation

Open Air Tests

Jet Engine Noise Attenuation Device (NAD)

The NAFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (NAVFAC EXWC) has developed and successfully demonstrated the Noise Attenuation Device (NAD) to help mitigate noise impacts on surrounding communities during open air tests of aircraft engines.

2 886

Strip and Paint

Temporary Structure

Aircraft Maintenance

Integrated Maintenance Concept Facility

Integrated Maintenance Concept (IMC) Facility in support of the Integrated Maintenance Program (IMP) for a portable structure to assist Navy artisans using the IMC facility to perform corrosion control operations with dual purpose low cost facility saving money and increasing fleet readiness.

2 2,310

Biodiesel

B20 Blend

Demonstration of Biodiesel in Ground Tactical Vehicles and Equipment

The Results of a year long test of DoD tactical vehicles fueled with 20 percent biodiesel blends (B20) to determine B20’s ability to meet the vehicles’ minimum engineering requirements.

2 2,518

Sequencing Batch Reactor

Oily Sludge

Detoxification

Biological Detoxification of Oily Sludge

The NAVFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center has developed and successfully demonstrated the Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) to treat oily sludge generated by the Navy from its wide range of operations.

2 2,050

Acid Waste Treatment Technology

Pier

Discharge Limits

Acid Waste Treatment Technology

Acid Waste Treatment Technology system is designed to integrate with existing pier side flushing equipment and enables the acid flushing solution to be reused multiple times before treating the effluent to meet discharge limits.

2 877

Storm Water Runoff

Media Bed System

Low Impact Technologies to Reduce Storm Water Runoff

Developed and tested an innovative filter-adsorption media bed system that reduces the concentration of metals, hydrocarbons, suspended solids, and other pollutants in storm water runoff.

2 1,112

Low VOC Coatings

Low Vapor Barrier Coatings

Zero VOC Topcoat

Low VOC Barrier Coatings

NAVFAC EXWC has successfully demonstrated and validated a suitable very low VOC alternative coating system for ASTs. The new system consists of the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program developed low vapor barrier coating (LVBC) for use as a "direct-to-weathered paint" barrier coat, followed by a Zero-VOC Topcoat (ZVT).

2 1,021

Oil Spill Response Equipment

NAVFAC Oil Spill Program

NAVFAC EXWC, acting as NAVFACs agent, provides comprehensive
procurement service for Navy mission funded (non-NWCF) activities requiring on-water oil spill response equipment. This program supports naval activities both stateside and overseas with equpment such as: harbor iii skirnmers, boom platform and utility boats,ol containment boom, and other associated response equipment.

2 1,033
Biodiesel Conversion and Production

NBVC Biodiesel Production Plant

Identification of Biodiesel reactants and concentrations that yield the optimal conversion of vegetable oil in the shortest time possible, including an evaluation of a variety of feedstocks.

2 1,234

Leak Location System

Portable

Pipeline Repair

Pipeline Advanced Leak-Location System (PALS)

Accurately locating leaks in buried bulk and hydrant fuel pipelines is a time-consuming and expensive problem. The Pipeline Advanced Leak-Location System (PALS) is a portable, computer-controlled system that allows small leaks in pipelines to be accurately located and then be uncovered at the
leak site and repaired.

2 1,200

Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)

Leak Detection

Portable Rapid Test (PRT) Leak Detection System

To provide the DoD with a highly accurate and cost effective leak detection system for the 20K-100K gallon underground storage tanks, NAVFAC EXWC has developed the Portable Rapid Test (PRT) leak detection system allowing for a single unit to test an entire fuel farm.

2 986

Aircraft Hangars

Aqueous Film-Forming Foam Alternative

Nozzle Discharge Checks

 

NoFoam System for Aircraft Hangars

NoFoam technology development for required periodic aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) nozzle discharge checks within aircraft hangars without generating AFFF waste that requires special handling and disposal.

2 1,116

Aircraft Fire Fighting Vehicles

Aqueous Film-Forming Foam Alternative

Nozzle Discharge Checks

NoFoam System for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) Vehicles

NoFoam technology adoption for required periodic aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) nozzle discharge checks on Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Vehicles without generating AFFF waste that requires special handling and disposal.

2 1,006

 

 

 

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Environmental Sustainability (ES) Technical Publications

ES Videos ES Tech Data Sheets and Fact Sheets ES Technical Documents

 

 

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Environmental Sustainability Videos

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Environmental Sustainability Tech Data Sheets and Fact Sheets

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Environmental Sustainability Technical Documents

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Environmental Restoration (ER) Technical Publications

ER Videos   ER Tech Data Sheets and Fact Sheets ER Technical Documents

 

 

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Environmental Restoration Videos

Topics Title and Description Run Time Size (KB)
Munitions Respose

Cat Island Video - Munitions Response Cleanup

 

32 minutes 36,829

Vapor Intrusion

GCMS

Field Testing

Vapor Intrusion Investigation with Portable Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS)

 

7 minutes 66,633

Green Sustainable

Environmental Remediation

Green Sustainable Remediation Video

 

3 minutes 20,108
Calculator for green footprint

SiteWise Video - Part 1 (slides 1-13)

 

18 minutes 13,159
Calculator for green footprint

SiteWise Video - Part 2 (slides 14-30)

 

22 minutes 17,672
Calculator for green footprint

SiteWise Video - Part 3 (slides 31- end)

 

27 minutes 51,032
Alternative Live Fire Ground Target

Alternative Tank Targets Video

 

5 minutes 27,727
       

 

 

 

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Environmental Restoration Tech Data Sheets and Fact Sheets

Topics Title and Description Pages Size (KB)

GSR

Green Sustainable

Fact Sheet

Green and Sustainable Remediation Fact Sheet, NAVFAC (May 2014)

May 2014

This Fact Sheet provides an overview of green and sustainable remediation  (GSR) metrics.

4 1990
GSR
Sustainable
SiteWise

Green and Sustainable Remediation - SiteWise™ 3.0 Tech Data Sheet, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1402,  December 2013

December 2013

This project describes the update to SiteWise™ 3.0 calculation tool designed to determine environmental and energy footprints of environmental restoration projects. The update was based on comparison of results from other similar commercial software.

2 48

ZVZ

Zinc

TCP

Zero-Valent Zinc to Treat 1,2,3-Trichloropropane (TCP) Tech Data Sheet, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1407, December 2013

December 2013

Concern over levels of 1,2,3-Trichloropropane (TCP) in drinking water has led to a search for a treatment technology. This project describes a pilot scale demonstration of a promising ex situ technology using zero-valent zinc capable of degrading TCP to innocouos end products.

2 195

Passive Sampling

Groundwater

Transitioning from Conventional to Passive Sampling for Groundwater, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1305 (April 2013)

April 2013

The objective of this fact sheet is to provide an overall framework that can be used to assist remedial project managers (RPMs) in designing a transition plan from conventional to passive sampling. It is recommended to use the following step-wise approach: conducting a desktop review; establishing data quality objectives (DQOs); designing and implementing a comparative study; and evaluating the data using statistics and defined acceptance criteria.

3 1701
Vapor Intrusion

Innovative Vapor Intrusion Site Characterization Methods Fact Sheet, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV1301 (February 2013)

February 2013

This fact sheet was prepared to provide an overview of several emerging and innovative methods for the characterization of indoor air at potential vapor intrusion (VI) sites. These methods include passive sampling, use of a portable gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) instrument, use of building pressure control techniques, hydrocarbon fingerprinting, compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA), and radon sampling.

8 3600
       

 

 

 

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Environmental Restoration Technical Publications

Topics Title and Description Pages Size (KB)
Passive Acoustic Monitoring  

NAVFAC Site Specific Report: Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Odontocetes in the Vicinity of Pu'uloa Underwater Detonation Training Range Hawaii Range Complex, O'AHU (September 2016)

September 2016

 

 

48  1,681 

Lead-Based Paint

NAVFAC Guidance

NAVFAC Guidance Lead-Based Paint Frequently Asked Questions, NAVFAC Ltr 5090 Ser13008/EV3-KB (31 January 2014)

January 2014

are provided. The guidance primarily addresses eligibility and funding responsibilities and scenarios, risk assessment methodology, and regulatory requirements.

14 695
Five-Year Reviews

Five Year Review Toolkit, NAVFAC (December 2013)

December 2013

This Toolkit provides Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) with a resource to help improve the transparency and clarity of Five-Year Reviews (FYRs) developed in accordance with the comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). The Toolkit presents the use of visual communication methods that can enhance the FYRs overall presentation and emphasize the data, analysis, and rationale used to ensure protection of human health and the environment.

17 55,936

SiteWise

Green Remediation

SiteWise™ Version 3 User Guide, UG-NAVFAC EXWC-ENV 1302 (July 2013)

July 2013

SiteWiseTM is designed to calculate the environmental footprint of remedial alternatives generally used by the industry. The tool is a series of Excel sheets and currently provides a detailed baseline assessment of several quantifiable sustainability metrics including: greenhouse gases (GHGs); energy usage; criteria air pollutants that include sulfur oxides (SOx), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and particulate matter (PM); Water Usage; resource consumption; and accident risk. The tool has been updated to include incremental cost due to footprint reduction activities. SiteWiseTM has been developed by Battelle, US Navy and US Army Corps jointly. SiteWiseTM has also been updated to include life cycle impacts for all global impacts of all remedial activities included in the tool. SiteWiseTM tool can be applied at remedy selection, design, or implementation stage.

92 1732

Metals Bioavailability

Soil Properties

Risk Assessment

The Effect of Soil Properties on Metal Bioavailability ESTCP Project # ER-0517, TR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1304 (June 2013)

June 2013

The technical objectives of the investigation were: (1) To provide validation that the relationships between soil properties and in vitro bioaccessibility methods can serve as a screening tool for estimating in vivo toxic metal bioavailability in DoD soils; (2) To provide DoD with a scientifically and technically sound method for estimating human and ecological risk associated with metal contaminated soils in place of or as justification for more-detailed, site-specific bioavailability (e.g., animal dosing), and (3) to promote the use of in vitro methods in human health and ecological risk assessments through the upfront involvement of end-users and regulators and the subsequent dissemination of the results of the study in peer-reviewed journals.

278 4378

In Situ Chemical Oxidation

ISCO

Design Framework

Best Practices

Design and Quality Assurance/Quality Control Considerations for In Situ Chemical Oxidation, TM-NAVFACEXWC-EV-1302 (June 2013)

June 2013

The purpose of this document is to ensure a successful implementation of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) by improving design submittals based upon lessons learned on the design and use of ISCO at Navy sites. Most in situ remediation technologies (including ISCO) are less mature than ex situ remediation systems such as pump and treat, therefore, design information, formats, and standards ar generally not as readily available and consistent as those of conventional systems. The lack of available standards causes the design submittals for in situ remediation systems to vary widely from one project to another. The purpose of this document is to provide a suggested framework for design submittals of in situ remediation systems using the ISCO technoogy. It provides a summary of best practices for ISCO design, tips for appropriate quality assurance and quality control measures, and links to available standards and useful references.

28 250
Amendments

Best Practices for Injection and Distribution of Amendments, TR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1303 (19 March 2013)

March 2013

The objective of this document is to present current "best practices" for introducing liquid and solid phase amendments into aquifers and improve the likelihood that these amendments are adequately distributed. Best practices and lessons learned are also provided.

70 2687

Dioxin

 

Dioxin - Questions & Answers, Tri-Service Environmental Risk Assessment Workgroup Technical Guidance (February 2013)

February 2013

Commonly asked questions about Dioxin are answered in this document.

7 103

Vapor Intrusion

characterization of indoor air

passive sampling

Innovative Vapor Intrusion Site Characterization Methods Fact Sheet, TDS-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1301 (February 2013)

February 2013

This fact sheet was prepared to provide an overview of several emerging and innovative methods for the characterization of indoor air at potential vapor intrusion (VI) sites. These methods include passive sampling, use of a portable gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) instrument, use of building pressure control techniques, hydrocarbon fingerprinting, compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA), and radon sampling

8 3600
Monitored Natural Attenuation

Verification of Methods for Assessing the Sustainability of Monitored Natural Attenuation, NAVFAC EXWC Contract Report CR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1302, ESTCP ER 0824 (1 January 2013)

January 2013

Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) is a component of corrective action plans at many Department fo Defense (DoD) facilities nationwide.

109 2882
Monitored Natural Attenuation

Verification of Methods for Assessing the Sustainability of Monitored Natural Attenuation, NAVFAC EXWC Contract Report CR-NAVFAC EXWC-EV-1302, ESTCP ER 0824 (1 January 2013)

January 2013

Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) is a component of corrective action plans at many Department fo Defense (DoD) facilities nationwide.

109 2882

Munitions Checklist

CSM Checklist - Munitions, NAVFAC ESC (14 Jan 2013)

January 2013

 

6 37

Terrestrial Checklist

Groundwater Checklist

CSM Checklist – Terrestrial & Groundwater Considerations, NAVFAC ESC (14 Jan 2013)

January 2013

 

7 42

Sediment Checklist

Surface Water Checklist

CSM Checklist - Sediment & Surface Water, NAVFAC ESC (14 Jan 2013)

January 2013

 

8 38
       

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