Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center

Technology Transfer

Technology Transfer Banner



The NAVFAC Technology Transfer (T2) Program supports information sharing to identify the Navy’s Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) challenges and to promote the use of innovative and cost-effective solutions. The goal of the T2 Program is to communicate the latest information on research, technology innovations, and lessons learned from Navy case studies. Technical resources are shared here on key topics through T2 e-mail updates, videos, fact sheets, handbooks, cost and performance (C&P) reports, and more.   

The T2 Program releases a monthly e-mail that provides links to newly released T2 products, policies, guidance, and training related to innovative technologies.


If you would like to be added to the distribution list, send an e-mail to to join.




Title and Description 

June 2020

T2 Update (June 2020)

Announced Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC) Resources Per-and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) guidance documents, documents and factsheets.


May 2020

T2 Update (May 2020)

Announced the Federal Remediation Technology Roundtable (FRTR) Webinar Series on Bioremediation Advances, and NAVFAC IN SITU Activated Carbon Case Study Review.


April 2020

T2 Update (April 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Remediation Innovative Technology Seminar (RITS), as well as upcoming SERDP-ESTCP Webinars; and finally Interstate Technology Regulatory Council (ITRC) Resources

March 2020

T2 Update (March 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resources (OER2) Webinar: The Navy’s Quality Document Review (QDR) Program. Also announced publication of NAVFAC Fact Sheet: Environmental Statistics

T2 ERB Website Update (March 2020)

Press release announcing new ERB Website update for the Environmental Restoration and BRAC Community

February 2020

T2 Update (February 2020)

Announced a NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resource (OER2) Webinar on Quality Document Review (QDR) Program, as well as Repeatable Multilevel Groundwater Sampling tools.

January 2020

T2 Update (January 2020)

Announced upcoming Naval Civil Engineer Corps Officers School Trainings and Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable (FRTR) Meetings.

December 2019

T2 Update (December 2019) 

Announced a NAVFAC Munitions Response Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Guidance and a Tri-Service Environmental Risk Assessment Workgroup: Vapor Intrusion Fact Sheets.

November 2019

T2 Update (November 2019) 

Announced a Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program and the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (SERDP-ESTCP) webinar on Per and Polyfuoroalkyl Substances (PFAS).

October 2019

T2 Update (October 2019) 

Announced a NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resources (OER2) webinar on Remedial Investigations/Feasibility Study phase of CERCLA at it pertains to Munitions Response.  

September 2019

T2 Update (September 2019) 

Announced a NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resources (OER2) webinar on Munitions Response guidance and tools, a Federal Remediation Technology Roundtable (FRTR) per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) webinar, and EPA webinars on bioremediation and sediments. 

August 2019

T2 Update (August 2019) 

Announced a Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program and the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (SERDP-ESTCP) webinar on advanced molecular biological tools, the EnviroWiki site, and new videos on restoration topics. 

June 2019

T2 Update (June 2019) 

Announced key resources, research, and training for environmental restoration from NAVFAC and other organizations. 

May 2019 

T2 Update (May 2019) 

Announced a NAVFAC fact sheet on passive sampling for sediment sites and a Department of Defense (DoD) emerging contaminant webinar. 

April 2019 

T2 Update (April 2019) 

Announced the topics for the Spring 2019 Remediation Innovative Technology Seminar (RITS). 

March 2019 

T2 Update (March 2019) 

Announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on EPA's Superfund Optimization Program, a NAVFAC Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on 1,4-Dioxane, and Interstate Technology Regulatory Council (ITRC) training. 

February 2019 

T2 Update (February 2019) 

Announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on EPA's Superfund Optimization Program, a NAVFAC technical memorandum related to contaminant mass estimates and remediation timeframes, and Civil Environmental Naval Civil Engineer Corps Officers School (CECOS) training. 


Title and Description

Training Tools

NAVFAC Technology Transfer Web Tools

A series of training tools developed by NAVFAC on topics relevant to the DON ERP have been posted to the Department of Defense (DoD) Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP)-Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) web site. The topics covered are related to bioremediation, physical/chemical remediation technologies, innovative site characterization technologies, conceptual site models, green and sustainable remediation, sediment sites, monitions response sites, vapor intrusion sites, and more.

Technology Screening Matrix

Federal Remediation Technology Roundtable (FRTR) Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix

A user-friendly tool for screening potentially applicable technologies for a remediation project. Covers in situ and ex situ technologies for soil and groundwater remediation. Variables used in screening include contaminants, development status, overall cost, and cleanup time.


Title and Description

Munitions Response

Cat Island Video

Vapor Intrusion

Vapor Intrusion Investigation with Portable Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer

Green Sustainable Remediation (GSR)

Green Sustainable Remediation Video


Title and Description

In Situ Chemical Reduction

In Situ Chemical Reduction: State-of-the Practice and New Advances (June 2020)

This fact sheet describes the state-of-the-practice and new advances for in situ chemical reduction(ISCR). This remediation approach involves the use of various reactants to promote the chemical reduction of contaminants.



Environmental Statistics Fact Sheet (September 2019)

This fact sheet provides a condensed selection and discussion of important statistical methods used for the analysis of groundwater and soil data. The following topics are discussed: When is it appropriate to use statistics?, Which statistical methods can be used for groundwater and soil data sets?.  

Groundwater Sampling

Repeatable Multilevel Groundwater Sampling (September 2019)

Repeatable multilevel groundwater sampling refers to any method of groundwater sample collection from a single location, but at multiple depths below ground surface repeatable over time. It is an additional tool to help characterize the site.

Passive Sampling

Passive Sampling for Contaminated Sediment Sites (September 2018)

Provides an overview of the types of passive samplers available, along with preparation and deployment considerations. Key data analysis steps are highlighted related to extraction and analysis and the interpretation of results related to the calculation of water concentrations, mass transfer models, quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC), and bioaccumulation prediction. 

Geophysical Methods

Geophysical Methods for Characterization and Monitoring at Groundwater Remediation Sites (August 2018)

Focuses on the application of geophysical tools in support of environmental remediation including available methods and applicability considerations.

Site Characterization

Fractured Rock

Site Characterization and Remediation in Fractured Rock Fact Sheet (August 2017)

Provides a summary of advances in developing successful characterization and remedial strategies for addressing contamination in fractured rock. Topics covered include the types of fractured rock environments, site characterization, remediation approaches, along with special considerations and lessons learned from fractured rock sites.


Complex Challenges at Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (LNAPL) Sites Fact Sheet (April 2017)

Reviews specialized techniques and remediation technologies to address challenging site conditions at LNAPL sites including the presence of co-contaminants, highly-heterogeneous conditions, and fractured rock.



Production Well Construction and Maintenance Fact Sheet (April 2017)

Describes how to maintain the function of production wells (including groundwater extraction and reagent injection wells). Production well design is summarized, along with operation and maintenance considerations.


New Developments in LNAPL Site Management Fact Sheet (April 2017)

Summarizes new developments in the area of natural source zone depletion (NSZD) and reviews key tools for evaluating the practicability of LNAPL recovery.

Landfill Long-Term Management

Sustainable Long-Term Management of Landfills under the Navy's Environmental Restoration Program (April 2016)

Describes sustainable long-term management (SLM) strategies that may be suitable for landfills managed under the ERP. Issues addressed include passive controls, optimized landfill cap design and maintenance, long-term monitoring, beneficial reuse, clean closure considerations, and shoreline erosion protection issues.


Reactive Capping

Sediment Reactive Capping Fact Sheet (December 2015)

Reviews reactive capping as an emerging remedial approach that incorporates materials capable of directly sequestering and/or degrading contaminants to reduce the environmental risks posed by the impacted sediments. Topics include reactive capping materials, deployment, monitoring, and lessons learned from two Navy case study applications.


NAVFAC Petroleum Site Management Update: A Roadmap to Closure (April 2015)

Outlines a roadmap for managing petroleum sites through site closure and emphasizes management approaches, monitoring strategies, and remedial technologies for LNAPL sites.

Biogeochemical Transformation, ISBGT

In Situ Biogeochemical Transformation (ISBGT) Processes for Treating Contaminated Groundwater Fact Sheet (September 2014)

Summarizes the application of ISBGT in treating groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents. ISBGT processes result in the degradation of contaminants through combined biological, mineral, and chemical pathways. The contaminants are typically transformed abiotically by reduced iron (Fe II) minerals formed by microbial activity. However, the minerals may also be present naturally as part of the site geology.

GSR Metrics

Green and Sustainable Remediation Fact Sheet (May 2014)

Provides an introduction to green and sustainable remediation (GSR) metrics and footprint reduction practices.

Passive Sampling

Transitioning from Conventional to Passive Sampling for Groundwater (April 2013)

Provides an overall framework that can be used to assist in designing a transition plan from conventional sampling to passive sampling for groundwater.

Vapor Intrusion


Innovative Vapor Intrusion Site Characterization Methods Fact Sheet (February 2013)

Provides an overview of several emerging and innovative methods for the characterization of indoor air at potential vapor intrusion (VI) sites. These methods include passive sampling, use of a portable gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) instrument, use of building pressure control techniques, hydrocarbon fingerprinting, compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA), and radon sampling.



Using Bioremediation in Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) Source Zones (April 2012)

Reviews factors that determine if bioremediation can be used in a DNAPL source zone.

In Situ Chemical Oxidation, ISCO

In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) Fact Sheet (September 2011)

Provides an overview of the ISCO technology and lessons learned during its implementation.

Vapor Intrusion


Vapor Intrusion Mitigation in Construction of New Buildings (August 2011)

Provides an overview of VI mitigation methods that can be integrated during the construction of new buildings, along with important factors to consider when selecting and designing these systems.

Vapor Intrusion


Vapor Intrusion Mitigation in Existing Buildings (May 2011)

Reviews methods that can be used to mitigate VI in existing buildings, along with important considerations for selecting and designing an appropriate mitigation system.


Title and Description

Mass Estimates

Tools for Estimating Contaminant Mass-in-Place, Mass Discharge, and Remediation Timeframes (August 2018)

Provides an overview of tools and techniques to estimate contaminant mass-in-place, contaminant mass discharge, and remediation timeframes. Tools applicable to each type of calculation are reviewed followed by a case study that illustrates how tool results were used to improve site-specific remedial strategies.

In Situ Activated Carbon

In Situ Activated Carbon Case Study Review


Activated carbon-based amendments can be applied for the in situ remediation of a wide range of organic contaminants in groundwater. This white paper describes the types of amendments available, the contaminants treated, and provides lessons learned from Department of Defense case studies.



In Situ


Advances in the State of the Practice for Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation (EISB) (February 2018)

Describes the use of enhanced in situ bioremediation (EISB) to enable physical, chemical, and biological changes to the aquifer to create the conditions necessary for microorganisms to transform contaminants of concern (COCs) to innocuous byproducts. This document provides best practices to design and apply EISB for chlorinated ethene remediation and introduces recent innovations to facilitate successful applications.


Transformation, ISBGT

Biogeochemical Transformation Handbook (October 2015)

Explains ISBGT processes that result in the degradation of contaminants through combined biological, mineral, and chemical pathways. The mechanisms that contribute to ISBGT processes and the contaminants degraded by ISBGT are explored.


Sustainable Sediment Remediation White Paper (September 2015)

Considers optimization and green and sustainable remediation (GSR) principles in relation to contaminated sediment issues. This report provides a connection between existing DON optimization and GSR guidance and DON guidance pertaining to contaminated sediment sites.

Vapor Intrusion

Passive Sampling for Vapor Intrusion Assessment (July 2015)

Describes the basics of passive sampler theory and design, the available types of passive samplers, the advantages and limitations of passive samplers, and important considerations when implementing a passive sampling program for vapor intrusion.

In Situ Chemical Oxidation,


Design Considerations for In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) (March 2015)

Provides a framework for design submittals of ISCO systems, along with a summary of the best practices for design and lessons learned for implementation and performance at Navy sites.

Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination,


Design Considerations for Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination (ERD) (March 2015)

Provides a framework for design submittals of ERD systems, along with a summary of best practices for ERD design and lessons learned related to implementation and performance from Navy sites.

Munitions Constituents

Attenuation Pathways for Munitions Constituents in Soils and Groundwater (January 2015)

Provides an understanding of natural and enhanced attenuation processes for munitions constituents (MC) in soils and groundwater. The scope of this report includes MC issues; physical, chemical, and biological attenuation pathways; technology applications; and case studies.


Best Practices for Injection and Distribution of Amendments (March 2013)

Presents best practices for introducing liquid and solid phase amendments into aquifers and improving the likelihood that these amendments are adequately distributed.

PCB Fingerprinting

A Handbook for Determining the Sources of Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Contamination in Sediments (October 2012)

Provides information on conducting environmental forensic investigations for PCBs at sediment sites.

Green Sustainable


Integrating Green Sustainable Remediation Metrics within the CERCLA Process during the Feasibility Study (July 2012)

Focuses on Navy GSR metrics and their incorporation into the nine criteria for alternatives analysis during the remedy evaluation phase. An example case study of GSR being incorporated into the remedy selection process is also provided.


NAVFAC LNAPL Site Management Handbook (November 2010)

Provides an overview of effective strategies for managing LNAPL-contaminated sites to ensure protectiveness of human health and the environment, while simultaneously avoiding unnecessary and prolonged remedial efforts.


Risk Management

NAVFAC Groundwater Risk Management Handbook (January 2008)

Provides an overview of challenging site conditions for groundwater plumes and summarizes risk management strategies such as establishing points of compliance (POCs), alternate concentration limits (ACLs), performing mixing zone analyses, and Technical Impracticability (TI) waivers.


NAVFAC DNAPL Management Overview Handbook (April 2007)

Provides an introduction on how to manage DNAPL contamination at a site. Because DNAPL sites can be very challenging, this document focuses heavily on the limitations of characterizing and removing DNAPL and how to make realistic management decisions in the midst of these uncertainties.


Title and Description

Molecular Biological Tools, MBTs

Assessment of Post Remediation Performance of a Biobarrier Oxygen Injection System at an MTBE Contaminated Site (August 2018)

Evaluated the long-term performance of a biobarrier system to treat methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) in groundwater. Advanced microbiological tools (i.e., proteomics and metagenomics) and existing site information were used in the review.

Zero Valent Iron, ZVI

Analysis of Long-Term Performance of Zero-Valent Iron (ZVI) Applications (August 2018)

Demonstrated continued performance of ZVI remedies many years following treatment. The project identified best practices associated with pre-remedy selection, remedy implementation, performance monitoring, and optimization.


Optimized Enhanced Bioremediation through Four-Dimensional Geophysical Monitoring and Autonomous Data Collection, Processing, and Analysis (December 2014)

Demonstrated the use of geophysical techniques to provide near real-time, noninvasive, and cost-effective information on the spatial and temporal distribution of amendments.

Monitored Natural Attenuation, MNA

Verification of Methods for Assessing the Sustainability of Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) (January 2013)

Discusses MNA as a component of corrective action plans at many DoD facilities nationwide.

DNAPL Thermal Conductive Heating

DNAPL Removal from Fractured Rock Using Thermal Conductive Heating (TCH) (August 2012)

Demonstrated the feasibility of TCH to heat the target volume of rock and water to steam distillation temperatures via energy applied to vertical TCH borings.

Permeable Reactive Barrier

Cost and Performance Report Permeable Reactive Barriers (PRBs) (March 2012)

Evaluated cost and performance data for three full-scale PRBs representing a range of installation technologies, reactive media, and targeted contaminants.

DNAPL Technology Screening

Development of a Protocol and a Screening Tool for the Selection of DNAPL Source Area Remediation (January 2012)

A screening tool (DNAPL TEST) for DNAPL remedies. For a copy, contact


Cost and Performance Report for Persulfate Treatability Studies (June 2010)

Provides useful information on five persulfate application projects at four Navy sites and one Marine Corps site on performance of ISCO under different site conditions.



Cost and Performance Report Addendum of Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) (September 2008)

Evaluated the cost and performance of ERH, which was applied at Site 1 on U.S. Naval Station Annapolis.


Cost and Performance Report for a Persulfate Treatability Study at North Island (August 2008)

Evaluated the cost and performance of a persulfate pilot treatability study conducted for the treatment of chlorinated organics in groundwater at Operable Unit 20 at Naval Air Station North Island.

Zero Valent Iron

Cost and Performance Report for a Zero Valent Iron (ZVI) Treatability Study at North Island (July 2008)

Evaluated the cost and performance of a ZVI pilot treatability study conducted for the treatment of chlorinated organics in groundwater at Operable Unit 20 at Naval Air Station North Island.

DNAPL Bioaugmentation

Lessons Learned on Bioaugmentation of DNAPL Source Zone Areas (October 2007)

Investigated the effects of biological activity on enhancing dissolution of DNAPL. Both laboratory and field tests were performed using biostimulation and bioaugmentation.


Cost and Performance Report: In Situ Catalytic Groundwater Treatment Using Palladium Catalysts and Horizontal Flow Treatment Wells (June 2007)

Discusses how palladium (Pd) catalyzed reductive dechlorination can be utilized to efficiently treat water contaminated with reactive chlorinated contaminants.

DNAPL Biodegradation

Biodegradation of DNAPLs through Bioaugmentation of Source Areas, Dover National Test Site, Dover, Delaware (May 2007)

Demonstrated the use of biological processes to enhance the dissolution of tetrachloroethene (PCE) from an aquifer known to have DNAPL.

Thermal Remediation

Cost and Performance Review of ERH for Source Treatment (March 2007)

Reviews data from four Navy projects and one NASA project involving the ERH for treatment of source zones containing DNAPLs or high concentrations of volatile contaminants.

Zero Valent Iron

Cost and Performance Report Nanoscale ZVI Technologies for Source Remediation (September 2005)

Compares the performance of nanoscale and microscale ZVI field demonstrations at three Navy sites: Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, Naval Air Station Jacksonville, and Naval Air Engineering Station (NAES) Lakehurst.


Cost and Performance Report for Surfactant-Enhanced DNAPL Removal at Site 88, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (October 2001)

Reviews the surfactant flood demonstration conducted at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina with respect to cost and performance issues.


1322 Patterson Ave. SE, Suite 1000, Washington Navy Yard, D.C. 20374-5065

  • Please read this Privacy Policy
Connect with Us