Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center

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The NAVFAC Technology Transfer (T2) Program supports information sharing to identify the Navy’s Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) challenges and to promote the use of innovative and cost-effective solutions. The goal of the T2 Program is to communicate the latest information on research, technology innovations, and lessons learned from Navy case studies. Technical resources are shared here on key topics through T2 e-mail updates, videos, fact sheets, handbooks, cost and performance (C&P) reports, and more.   

The T2 Program releases a monthly e-mail that provides links to newly released T2 products, policies, guidance, and training related to innovative technologies.

If you would like to be added to the distribution list, send an e-mail to to join.




Title and Description 

October 2021

T2 Update (October 2021)

Announced a NAVFAC ERB LinkedIn Showcase page, a NAVFAC OER2 webinar on bridging the gap from remedy-in-place to response complete (RC), and a NAVFAC fact sheet on hosting public meetings on virtual platforms. 

September 2021

T2 Update (September 2021)

Announced a DON policy on sampling for emerging contaminants in Clean Water Act discharges and new ITRC resources on PFAS and mass flux. 

August 2021

T2 Update (August 2021)

Announced a NAVFAC fact sheet on environmental molecular diagnostics (EMDs) and the upcoming SERDP-ESTCP and ITRC webinar series.

July 2021

T2 Update (July 2021)

Announced a NAVFAC fact sheet on phytoremediation advances and an ITRC guidance on sustainable resilient remediation. Reminder for the upcoming OER2 Webinar on environmental sequence stratigraphy also included. 

June 2021

T2 Update (June 2021)

Announced NAVFAC OER2 webinar on environmental sequence stratigraphy and a NAVFAC fact sheet on vapor intrusion continuous monitoring. 

May 2021

T2 Update (May 2021)

Announced the 2021 NAVFAC Innovative Remediation Webinar Series and a DoD Environmental Monitoring and Data Quality Workshop Virtual Webinar.

April 2021

T2 Update (April 2021)

Announced ITRC resources on 1,4-dioxane and vapor intrusion mitigation. Recent updates to the DoD vapor intrusion fact sheet series are also highlighted.

March 2021

T2 Update (March 2021)

Announced a NAVFAC OER2 webinar to be held on March 4, 2021 covering vapor intrusion tools and technologies. In addition, a NAVFAC report has been released on the use of horizontal wells for environmental remediation.

February 2021

T2 Update (February 2021)

Announced the Interim PFAS Site Guidance for NAVFAC RPMs and a NAVFAC memorandum on interim response measures and LUCs when potential MEC are discovered at a site.

January 2021

T2 Update (January 2021)

Announced SERDP-ESTCP Webinar on a Decision to Support Tool for Vadose Zone Remediation of Volatile Contaminants. Announced ITRC Incremental Sampling Methodology Update. Announced NAVFAC Memo on Advantages and Limitations of ISM for Navy Projects.

December 2020

T2 Update (December 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Guidance on Sediment Dredging in Areas Known or Suspected of Containing MEC/MPPEH, as well as SERDP-ESTCP Webinar on Managing Contaminated Sediments

November 2020

T2 Update (November 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Remedial Alternatives Analysis Guidance Update, NAVFAC Fact Sheet on Long Term Monitoring and upcoming DoD SERDP ESTCP Webinars. 

October 2020

T2 Update (October 2020)

Announced Remediation Technology Screening Matrix tools update and a new NAVFAC In Situ Chemical Reduction Fact Sheet

September 2020

T2 Update (September 2020)

Announced SERDP-ESTCP upcoming webinars, as well as Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council (ITRC) Resources (Risk Communication Toolkit and Implementing Advanced Site Characterization Tools)

August 2020

T2 Update (August 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resources (OER2) Webinar: NAVFACs Go ERB Website

July 2020

T2 Update (July 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resources (OER2) Webinar: NAVFACs Go ERB Website

June 2020

T2 Update (June 2020)

Announced Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC) Resources Per-and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) guidance documents, documents and factsheets.

May 2020

T2 Update (May 2020)

Announced the Federal Remediation Technology Roundtable (FRTR) Webinar Series on Bioremediation Advances, and NAVFAC IN SITU Activated Carbon Case Study Review.

April 2020

T2 Update (April 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Remediation Innovative Technology Seminar (RITS), as well as upcoming SERDP-ESTCP Webinars; and finally Interstate Technology Regulatory Council (ITRC) Resources

March 2020

T2 Update (March 2020)

Announced NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resources (OER2) Webinar: The Navy’s Quality Document Review (QDR) Program. Also announced publication of NAVFAC Fact Sheet: Environmental Statistics

T2 ERB Website Update (March 2020)

Press release announcing new ERB Website update for the Environmental Restoration and BRAC Community

February 2020

T2 Update (February 2020)

Announced a NAVFAC Open Environmental Restoration Resource (OER2) Webinar on Quality Document Review (QDR) Program, as well as Repeatable Multilevel Groundwater Sampling tools.

January 2020

T2 Update (January 2020)

Announced upcoming Naval Civil Engineer Corps Officers School Trainings and Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable (FRTR) Meetings.


Title and Description

ERB Website


NAVFAC Go ERB Web Site Brochure

The ERB Web Site is a one-stop resource for Department of the Navy (DON) personnel, contractors, and the public interested in environmental site cleanup efforts. This links to a brochure summarizing the ERB Web Site contents.

SERDP/ESTCP Training Tools

NAVFAC Technology Transfer Web Tools

SERDP and ESTCP invest in science, engineering, and technology to help to improve the environment and sustain military readiness. To promote the implementation across DoD of innovative technologies, projects have developed a variety of tools and training materials that are made available on this web page.

NESDI Web Site

Navy Environmental Sustainability Development to Integration (NESDI) Program

The mission of the NESDI program is to provide solutions by demonstrating, validating, and integrating innovative technologies, processes, and materials. Learn more about NESDI projects at this web site.

Technology Screening Matrix

Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable (FRTR) Technology Screening Matrix

A user-friendly tool for screening potentially applicable technologies for a remediation project. Covers in situ and ex situ technologies for soil and groundwater remediation. Variables used in screening include contaminants, development status, overall cost, and cleanup time.


Title and Description

Munitions Response

Cat Island Video

Vapor Intrusion

Vapor Intrusion Investigation with Portable Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer

Green Sustainable Remediation (GSR)

Green Sustainable Remediation Video


Title and Description

Virtual Meetings

Hosting Public Meetings on Virtual Platforms (August 2021)

This fact sheet focuses on hosting virtual meetings within the Environmental Restoration community. With a brief technology background, case studies and best practices this fact sheet provides considerations for the selection of outreach methods and best practices for implementing successful virtual meetings.

Environmental Molecular Diagnostics

Environmental Molecular Diagnostics: Chemical-Based Tools (May 2021)

This fact sheet focus on the chemical-based tools including compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA), stable isotope probing (SIP), and carbon 14-labeled assays (14C). The factsheet includes use of EMDs in the CERCLA process and case studies.

Vapor Intrusion

Continuous Monitoring for Vapor Intrusion Fact Sheet (2021)

This fact sheet discusses the assessment of vapor intrusion (VI) which are complicated by a high degree of spatial and temporal variability. This fact sheet will focus on recent applications of a continuous monitoring (CM) technology that provides quantitative measurements of vapor concentrations in the field. CM can help to address site-specific building conditions that influence the VI pathway over time.


Phytoremediation Advances (March 2021)

Phytoremediation is the use of plants to remediate or contol contaminants in soil, groundwater, surface water, or sediments. This fact sheet focuses on recent advances in the application of phytoremediation and provides examples of full-scale case studies.

Ground Water to Surface Water

Groundwater to Surface Water Interface: Overview and Management (Part 1) (January 2021)

Groundwater to Surface Water Interface: Summary of Tools and Techniques (Part 2) (January 2021)

These fact sheets, broken down into two parts, describes the physical, chemical, and biological attenuation processes that occur at the groundwater to surface water interface (GW-SWI). These attenuation processes should be incorporated into the evaluation of exposure pathways at GW-SWI sites and considered in adaptive site monitoring and management strategies.

Long Term Monitoring Costs

Innovative Sampling Methods and Data Analysis for Reduced Long-term Monitoring Costs (September 2020)

The Navy manages hundreds of sites with contaminant plumes in groundwater that require long-term monitoring. At most of these sites, monitoring is expected to continue for at least a decade, and in some cases, monitoring will continue into the foreseeable future. This fact sheet discusses the long term costs of such monitoring.

In Situ Chemical Reduction

In Situ Chemical Reduction (ISCR): State-of-the Practice and New Advances (June 2020)

This fact sheet describes the state-of-the-practice and new advances for ISCR. This remediation approach involves the use of various reactants to promote the chemical reduction of contaminants.

In Situ Chemical Oxidation

In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) Fact Sheet (December 2019)

Provides an overview of the ISCO technology and lessons learned during its implementation.



Environmental Statistics Fact Sheet (September 2019)

This fact sheet provides a condensed selection and discussion of important statistical methods used for the analysis of groundwater and soil data.

Groundwater Sampling

Repeatable Multilevel Groundwater Sampling (September 2019)

Repeatable multilevel groundwater sampling refers to any method of groundwater sample collection from a single location, but at multiple depths below ground surface repeatable over time. It is an additional tool to help characterize the site.

Passive Sampling

Passive Sampling for Contaminated Sediment Sites (September 2018)

Provides an overview of the types of passive samplers available, along with preparation and deployment considerations. Key data analysis steps are highlighted related to extraction and analysis and the interpretation of results related to the calculation of water concentrations, mass transfer models, quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC), and bioaccumulation prediction. 

Geophysical Methods

Geophysical Methods for Characterization and Monitoring at Groundwater Remediation Sites (August 2018)

Focuses on the application of geophysical tools in support of environmental remediation including available methods and applicability considerations.

Site Characterization

Fractured Rock

Site Characterization and Remediation in Fractured Rock Fact Sheet (August 2017)

Provides a summary of advances in developing successful characterization and remedial strategies for addressing contamination in fractured rock. Topics covered include the types of fractured rock environments, site characterization, remediation approaches, along with special considerations and lessons learned from fractured rock sites.


Complex Challenges at Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (LNAPL) Sites Fact Sheet (April 2017)

Reviews specialized techniques and remediation technologies to address challenging site conditions at LNAPL sites including the presence of co-contaminants, highly-heterogeneous conditions, and fractured rock.



Production Well Construction and Maintenance Fact Sheet (April 2017)

Describes how to maintain the function of production wells (including groundwater extraction and reagent injection wells). Production well design is summarized, along with operation and maintenance considerations.


New Developments in LNAPL Site Management Fact Sheet (April 2017)

Summarizes new developments in the area of natural source zone depletion (NSZD) and reviews key tools for evaluating the practicability of LNAPL recovery.

Landfill Long-Term Management

Sustainable Long-Term Management of Landfills under the Navy's Environmental Restoration Program (April 2016)

Describes sustainable long-term management (SLM) strategies that may be suitable for landfills managed under the ERP. Issues addressed include passive controls, optimized landfill cap design and maintenance, long-term monitoring, beneficial reuse, clean closure considerations, and shoreline erosion protection issues.


Reactive Capping

Sediment Reactive Capping Fact Sheet (December 2015)

Reviews reactive capping as an emerging remedial approach that incorporates materials capable of directly sequestering and/or degrading contaminants to reduce the environmental risks posed by the impacted sediments. Topics include reactive capping materials, deployment, monitoring, and lessons learned from two Navy case study applications.


NAVFAC Petroleum Site Management Update: A Roadmap to Closure (April 2015)

Outlines a roadmap for managing petroleum sites through site closure and emphasizes management approaches, monitoring strategies, and remedial technologies for LNAPL sites.

Biogeochemical Transformation, ISBGT

In Situ Biogeochemical Transformation (ISBGT) Processes for Treating Contaminated Groundwater Fact Sheet (September 2014)

Summarizes the application of ISBGT in treating groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents. ISBGT processes result in the degradation of contaminants through combined biological, mineral, and chemical pathways. The contaminants are typically transformed abiotically by reduced iron (Fe II) minerals formed by microbial activity. However, the minerals may also be present naturally as part of the site geology.

GSR Metrics

Green and Sustainable Remediation Fact Sheet (May 2014)

Provides an introduction to green and sustainable remediation (GSR) metrics and footprint reduction practices.

Passive Sampling

Transitioning from Conventional to Passive Sampling for Groundwater (April 2013)

Provides an overall framework that can be used to assist in designing a transition plan from conventional sampling to passive sampling for groundwater.

Vapor Intrusion


Innovative Vapor Intrusion Site Characterization Methods Fact Sheet (February 2013)

Provides an overview of several emerging and innovative methods for the characterization of indoor air at potential vapor intrusion (VI) sites. These methods include passive sampling, use of a portable gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) instrument, use of building pressure control techniques, hydrocarbon fingerprinting, compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA), and radon sampling.



Using Bioremediation in Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) Source Zones (April 2012)

Reviews factors that determine if bioremediation can be used in a DNAPL source zone.

In Situ Chemical Oxidation, ISCO

In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) Fact Sheet (September 2011)

Provides an overview of the ISCO technology and lessons learned during its implementation.

Vapor Intrusion


Vapor Intrusion Mitigation in Construction of New Buildings (August 2011)

Provides an overview of VI mitigation methods that can be integrated during the construction of new buildings, along with important factors to consider when selecting and designing these systems.

Vapor Intrusion


Vapor Intrusion Mitigation in Existing Buildings (May 2011)

Reviews methods that can be used to mitigate VI in existing buildings, along with important considerations for selecting and designing an appropriate mitigation system.


Title and Description

Horizontal Well Case Study

Application of Horizontal Wells to Enhance Site Remediation (November 2020)

This case study reviews horizontal wells, which have become a cost-effective and practical tool to facilitate the remediation of contaminants of concern (COCs) at challenging sites where vertical wells alone may not be able to achieve project objectives. The Department of Defense (DoD) has applied horizontal wells at a wide range of sites across the United States.

Incremental Sampling

Advantages and Limitations of the Incremental Sampling Methodology (ISM) for Navy Projects (August 2020)

Incremental sampling methodology (ISM) is a structured composite sampling and processing protocol that is designed to reduce data variability and provide a reasonably unbiased estimate of mean contaminant concentrations in a volume of soil.

Mass Estimates

Tools for Estimating Contaminant Mass-in-Place, Mass Discharge, and Remediation Timeframes (August 2018)

Provides an overview of tools and techniques to estimate contaminant mass-in-place, contaminant mass discharge, and remediation timeframes. Tools applicable to each type of calculation are reviewed followed by a case study that illustrates how tool results were used to improve site-specific remedial strategies.

In Situ Activated Carbon

In Situ Activated Carbon Case Study Review

Activated carbon-based amendments can be applied for the in situ remediation of a wide range of organic contaminants in groundwater. This white paper describes the types of amendments available, the contaminants treated, and provides lessons learned from Department of Defense case studies.


In Situ


Advances in the State of the Practice for Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation (EISB) (February 2018)

Describes the use of enhanced in situ bioremediation (EISB) to enable physical, chemical, and biological changes to the aquifer to create the conditions necessary for microorganisms to transform contaminants of concern (COCs) to innocuous byproducts. This document provides best practices to design and apply EISB for chlorinated ethene remediation and introduces recent innovations to facilitate successful applications.


Transformation, ISBGT

Biogeochemical Transformation Handbook (October 2015)

Explains ISBGT processes that result in the degradation of contaminants through combined biological, mineral, and chemical pathways. The mechanisms that contribute to ISBGT processes and the contaminants degraded by ISBGT are explored.


Sustainable Sediment Remediation White Paper (September 2015)

Considers optimization and green and sustainable remediation (GSR) principles in relation to contaminated sediment issues. This report provides a connection between existing DON optimization and GSR guidance and DON guidance pertaining to contaminated sediment sites.

Vapor Intrusion

Passive Sampling for Vapor Intrusion Assessment (July 2015)

Describes the basics of passive sampler theory and design, the available types of passive samplers, the advantages and limitations of passive samplers, and important considerations when implementing a passive sampling program for vapor intrusion.

In Situ Chemical Oxidation,


Design Considerations for In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) (March 2015)

Provides a framework for design submittals of ISCO systems, along with a summary of the best practices for design and lessons learned for implementation and performance at Navy sites.

Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination,


Design Considerations for Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination (ERD) (March 2015)

Provides a framework for design submittals of ERD systems, along with a summary of best practices for ERD design and lessons learned related to implementation and performance from Navy sites.

Munitions Constituents

Attenuation Pathways for Munitions Constituents in Soils and Groundwater (January 2015)

Provides an understanding of natural and enhanced attenuation processes for munitions constituents (MC) in soils and groundwater. The scope of this report includes MC issues; physical, chemical, and biological attenuation pathways; technology applications; and case studies.


Best Practices for Injection and Distribution of Amendments (March 2013)

Presents best practices for introducing liquid and solid phase amendments into aquifers and improving the likelihood that these amendments are adequately distributed.

PCB Fingerprinting

A Handbook for Determining the Sources of Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Contamination in Sediments (October 2012)

Provides information on conducting environmental forensic investigations for PCBs at sediment sites.

Green Sustainable


Integrating Green Sustainable Remediation Metrics within the CERCLA Process during the Feasibility Study (July 2012)

Focuses on Navy GSR metrics and their incorporation into the nine criteria for alternatives analysis during the remedy evaluation phase. An example case study of GSR being incorporated into the remedy selection process is also provided.


NAVFAC LNAPL Site Management Handbook (November 2010)

Provides an overview of effective strategies for managing LNAPL-contaminated sites to ensure protectiveness of human health and the environment, while simultaneously avoiding unnecessary and prolonged remedial efforts.


Risk Management

NAVFAC Groundwater Risk Management Handbook (January 2008)

Provides an overview of challenging site conditions for groundwater plumes and summarizes risk management strategies such as establishing points of compliance (POCs), alternate concentration limits (ACLs), performing mixing zone analyses, and Technical Impracticability (TI) waivers.


NAVFAC DNAPL Management Overview Handbook (April 2007)

Provides an introduction on how to manage DNAPL contamination at a site. Because DNAPL sites can be very challenging, this document focuses heavily on the limitations of characterizing and removing DNAPL and how to make realistic management decisions in the midst of these uncertainties.


Title and Description

Molecular Biological Tools, MBTs

Assessment of Post Remediation Performance of a Biobarrier Oxygen Injection System at an MTBE Contaminated Site (August 2018)

Evaluated the long-term performance of a biobarrier system to treat methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) in groundwater. Advanced microbiological tools (i.e., proteomics and metagenomics) and existing site information were used in the review.

Zero Valent Iron, ZVI

Analysis of Long-Term Performance of Zero-Valent Iron (ZVI) Applications (August 2018)

Demonstrated continued performance of ZVI remedies many years following treatment. The project identified best practices associated with pre-remedy selection, remedy implementation, performance monitoring, and optimization.


Optimized Enhanced Bioremediation through Four-Dimensional Geophysical Monitoring and Autonomous Data Collection, Processing, and Analysis (December 2014)

Demonstrated the use of geophysical techniques to provide near real-time, noninvasive, and cost-effective information on the spatial and temporal distribution of amendments.

Monitored Natural Attenuation, MNA

Verification of Methods for Assessing the Sustainability of Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) (January 2013)

Discusses MNA as a component of corrective action plans at many DoD facilities nationwide.

DNAPL Thermal Conductive Heating

DNAPL Removal from Fractured Rock Using Thermal Conductive Heating (TCH) (August 2012)

Demonstrated the feasibility of TCH to heat the target volume of rock and water to steam distillation temperatures via energy applied to vertical TCH borings.

Permeable Reactive Barrier

Cost and Performance Report Permeable Reactive Barriers (PRBs) (March 2012)

Evaluated cost and performance data for three full-scale PRBs representing a range of installation technologies, reactive media, and targeted contaminants.

DNAPL Technology Screening

Development of a Protocol and a Screening Tool for the Selection of DNAPL Source Area Remediation (January 2012)

A screening tool (DNAPL TEST) for DNAPL remedies. For a copy, contact


Cost and Performance Report for Persulfate Treatability Studies (June 2010)

Provides useful information on five persulfate application projects at four Navy sites and one Marine Corps site on performance of ISCO under different site conditions.



Cost and Performance Report Addendum of Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) (September 2008)

Evaluated the cost and performance of ERH, which was applied at Site 1 on U.S. Naval Station Annapolis.


Cost and Performance Report for a Persulfate Treatability Study at North Island (August 2008)

Evaluated the cost and performance of a persulfate pilot treatability study conducted for the treatment of chlorinated organics in groundwater at Operable Unit 20 at Naval Air Station North Island.

Zero Valent Iron

Cost and Performance Report for a Zero Valent Iron (ZVI) Treatability Study at North Island (July 2008)

Evaluated the cost and performance of a ZVI pilot treatability study conducted for the treatment of chlorinated organics in groundwater at Operable Unit 20 at Naval Air Station North Island.

DNAPL Bioaugmentation

Lessons Learned on Bioaugmentation of DNAPL Source Zone Areas (October 2007)

Investigated the effects of biological activity on enhancing dissolution of DNAPL. Both laboratory and field tests were performed using biostimulation and bioaugmentation.


Cost and Performance Report: In Situ Catalytic Groundwater Treatment Using Palladium Catalysts and Horizontal Flow Treatment Wells (June 2007)

Discusses how palladium (Pd) catalyzed reductive dechlorination can be utilized to efficiently treat water contaminated with reactive chlorinated contaminants.

DNAPL Biodegradation

Biodegradation of DNAPLs through Bioaugmentation of Source Areas, Dover National Test Site, Dover, Delaware (May 2007)

Demonstrated the use of biological processes to enhance the dissolution of tetrachloroethene (PCE) from an aquifer known to have DNAPL.

Thermal Remediation

Cost and Performance Review of ERH for Source Treatment (March 2007)

Reviews data from four Navy projects and one NASA project involving the ERH for treatment of source zones containing DNAPLs or high concentrations of volatile contaminants.

Zero Valent Iron

Cost and Performance Report Nanoscale ZVI Technologies for Source Remediation (September 2005)

Compares the performance of nanoscale and microscale ZVI field demonstrations at three Navy sites: Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, Naval Air Station Jacksonville, and Naval Air Engineering Station (NAES) Lakehurst.


Cost and Performance Report for Surfactant-Enhanced DNAPL Removal at Site 88, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (October 2001)

Reviews the surfactant flood demonstration conducted at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina with respect to cost and performance issues.

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