Guidance & Policy

DoD Policy

DoD policy is to protect DoD personnel from accidental death, injury, or occupational illness. By eliminating on- and off-duty mishaps and related deaths, injuries, occupational illness, and lost mission capability and resources. The following policies are provided to help you develop an efficient ergonomics program.

Navy Policy and Guidance

Navy Policies and Guidance for Ergonomics are administrative controls consisting of procedures and practices that limit exposures by control or manipulation of work schedule or the manner in which work is performed. They are implemented to reduce exposure to ergonomic stressors and thus reduce the cumulative does to any one worker. The three Navy policies and guidance for ergonomics are provided below.

DODI 6055.01 DoD Safety and Occupational Health (SOH) Program, 14 Oct 2014 is the DoD Instruction for mishap notification, investigation, reporting, and record keeping. It provides the preferred priorities and mitigations for corrective actions of ergonomic risk factors, which include ergonomic risk elimination, engineering controls, substitution of materials, tools, and equipment, improved work practices, and administrative controls.

SECNAV 5000.2 Department of the Navy Implementation and Operation of the Defense Acquisition system and the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System.

This instruction issues mandatory procedures for the Department of the Navy implementation of major and non-major defense and information technology acquisition programs to improve existing and develop new warfighting capabilities. Specifically, 7.o are the particular responsibilities that should be considered to reduce ergonomic risks.

OPNAVINST 5100.23 Chapter 23 Navy Safety and Occupational Health Program Manual this document is in place to affirm the Navy Safety and Occupational health Program for all Navy personnel and implement the various DoD instructions that are referenced in the document.

Chapter 23, Ergonomic Program Instruction seeks to prevent injuries and illnesses by applying ergonomic principles to identify, evaluate, and control ergonomic risk factors for Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs).

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Marine Corps Policy

All Marine Corps commands are required to provide a safe and healthful operational, training, and working environment for all Marine Corps personnel. These conditions shall be ensured through a comprehensive OSH Program that includes features in accordance with the following:

Marine Corps Order (MCO) 5100.29B Marine Corps Safety Program this document establishes the minimum requirements of the Marine Corps Safety Program based on references and policies required by the Marine Corps Safety Program and list of other applicable safety program policies and resources.

NAVMC Directive 5100.8 Marine Corps Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Program Manual (MARCOR OSH Program Manual) this manual addresses the role of leaders and safety professionals in the identification and management of operational environment, which will meet the Mission Essential Task List (METL) requirements. In addition to providing requirements and guidance it promulgates the requirements and establishes procedures to implement the reference.

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Employees with Disabilities

DoD has a long-standing commitment to providing equal employment opportunities for people with disabilities. Federal agencies are required to make their electronic and information technology (EIT) accessible to people with disabilities per the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Specifically, Section 508 requires that when Federal agencies develop, procure, maintain, or use EIT, Federal employees with disabilities have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to the access and use available to others. The following two resources can be used to accommodate such employees with assistive technology or services and making their EIT accessible.

Computer/Electronic Accommodations Program (CAP) is a centrally funded program providing reasonable assistive technology and accommodations to support employees with disabilities in the DoD. In order to receive accommodations, a CAP Request Form must be filled out online and submitted directly through the CAP website. The program helps the DoD make their work environments more accessible to people with blind/low vision, cognitive, communication, deaf/hard of hearing, and dexterity impairments.

U.S General Services Administration Office of Information, Integrity, and Access’ Information Resources Management Division (IRMD). This site provides web tools and applications for federal employees and the public to access resources for understanding and implementing the requirements of Section 508. Specifically, GSA created the Buy Accessible Wizard tool to simplify the task of procuring EIT products, it is a web-based tool to help users determine and document Section 508 requirements that apply to a particular E&IT acquisition.

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Occupational Safety & Health

Employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthful workplace. The following websites are resources providing services and information focused on maintaining occupational safety and health.

U.S Army Public Health Center provides information on promoting health and preventing disease and injuries in soldiers, retirees, their families, veterans, army civilians, and government-owned animals.

DoD Environment, Safety and Occupational Health Network and Information Exchange (DENIX) Ergonomics Working Group that although is no longer active the site remains available as a storehouse of valuable ergonomics information including 130 newsletters that have been published since 2002. Information accessible includes policy & standards, assessment tools, trainings, publications, studies & assessment reports, injury data, and other resources.

U.S Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration provides a variety of Ergonomics Safety & Health Topics, such as:

  • Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the workplaces including examples, impacts in the workplace, a process for protecting workers, high risk occupations, and Guidelines for Shipyards: Ergonomics for the Prevention of MSDs
  • Steps to Identify Problems, in addition, to a plethora of resources on Risk Factors and on Job Analysis
  • Solutions to control hazards including resources, guidelines, and success stories
  • Methods for training and assistance
  • Standards and enforcement FAQs.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) provides national and world leadership to prevent workplace illnesses and injuries, focusing on information and resources on:

  • Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Ergonomic Interventions in Shipyards
  • Upper Limb Musculoskeletal Disorder Consortium
  • Summary of NIOSH Back Belt Studies

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