Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

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In 1976, Congress passed the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).  One aspect of RCRA is to manage the present and future disposal of hazardous waste with respect to human health and welfare.

For more information, please visit the EPA RCRA webpage.


Step 1   Step 2   Step 3   Step 4   Step 5
Corrective Action Process (CAP) RCRA Facility Assessment (RFA) RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) Corrective Measures Study (CMS) Corrective Measures Implementation (CMI)
RCRA Facilities are generally brought into the corrective action process at the time EPA (or authorized state) is considering a permit application for the facility or when a release justifying action under RCRA is identified.   The RFA serves as a screening step to determine whether activities at the site may have generated hazardous wastes and their potential for release.  Areas evaluated in the RFA are referred to as Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) or Areas of Concern (AOCs).  This includes review of available information of historical activities at the site, visual site inspections, and confirmatory sampling. After review of the RFI, the EPA or lead agency generally develops a schedule of compliance for further studies and actions that must be taken at the site.   During the RFI, soil and water samples are taken to assess the potential for corrective measures. The purpose of the RFI is to determine the nature, extent, direction, and rate of migration of hazardous waste.  The results of the RFI will be used to determine the need for the next step in the RCRA process, the Corrective Measures Study (CMS), or to support the recommendation of no further action.   The CMS portion of the RCRA corrective action process is to identify and evaluate potential remedial actions to be taken at the site.   The CMI process develops the specific design for the selected remedy and the implementation (construction, operations, and maintenance) of the remedy.



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